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Jason’s Alticle – Pay Attention

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Greetings, Speculators!

I call you speculators because that's what many of you found out you were this weekend when you had your %&*^ing orders cancelled.

An Alternative Proposal

When I sold on eBay, I didn't change my prices every day. Most of the stuff I had listed just sold, and the stuff that sat there didn't sit there because the price needed to be changed, but rather because it was obscure foreign and foil stuff waiting for the right buyer. If something changed drastically, I obviously changed it. However, on occasion I saw something that let me know I had screwed up.

"eBay user Ben_Bleiweiss has sent you an electronic payment".

Nothing says "You done %&^ed up" like seeing Ben Bleiweiss bought one of your cards. That means you were selling for less than Star City's buylist, even if that was because they just changed it.

I've mentioned that story in the forums and the general sentiment was "well, just block Ben Bleiweiss on eBay" and I think to do that is to miss the point. The point is not that I don't like selling to Ben. The point is I don't like when Ben buys my cards. I don't like it because when he buys my cards, he's reminding me that I need to pay attention.

Another story. I was listing a gigantic stack of cards on eBay. This takes a long time to do and it was around 5:30 am at the time I was reaching the end of the stack. I decided to just power through and get it done rather than go to sleep and finish later. I had a good rhythm going so I continued.

My wife woke up at 6 am, my dog started flipping out and I went upstairs to chill it out. I left it halfway through a listing and I didn't remember what I was doing when I came downstairs. I was listing either Supreme Verdict or Falkenrath Aristocrat. The description and picture were Aristocrat but the title was Supreme Verdict. I decided that it must be Aristocrat, so I changed everything to be Aristocrat and moved on.

Literally two minutes after I submitted the listing, I realized my mistake when someone snap-bought the Aristocrat. I had two listings for Aristocrat and zero for Supreme Verdict. The first Aristocrat listing was for $18.95 or whatever they were at the time. The other listing was for $2.95, the price of Supreme Verdict. After debating for a little while, the buyer decided he wanted to pay $2.95 for Falkenrath Aristocrat.

What do you do in my position? You've made a mistake, and the buyer knows it. If you ship, you have to take down your listing for $18.95 because you only have one copy. It takes a few mouse clicks to refund the money and sell it for $18.95 later. What do you do?

You Ship the Damn Card for $2.95, That's What You Do

How is this even up for debate? This is a situation where you screwed up. From the buyer's perspective, there is no difference between "I put the wrong price accidentally because I didn't pay attention when I listed it," and "I thought they were $16 cheaper because I don't pay attention to card prices". You listed it for a certain price. eBay auctions aren't enforced as contracts, but perhaps they should be.

A party made an offer (a card was listed for sale, buy it now for $2.95 shipped), the offer was accepted by a second party (they clicked "buy it now") and the mutuality of obligation is created. Consideration is given by the second party (they paypal you $2.95, possibly while laughing at you) and thus the only step left is for the first party to fulfill their part of the contract, namely shipping the card.

Perhaps $2.95 is insufficient consideration for the seller, but whose fault is that? The seller is the party that drafted the contract in the first place. If you don't want to sell Falkenrath Aristocrats for $2.95, here's a simple solution. Don't list Falkenrath Aristocrats for $2.95, either on purpose or accidentally.

Failure to Ship the Card Is No Less Than a Breach of Contract.

I don't see it any other way. I shipped the Aristocrat, and I never made a mistake like that again. I double-checked prices before clicking "submit" no matter how tired I was. I checked Star City's buy prices often to make sure I knew what was trending. Occasionally they would raise a price drastically and buy out eBay but that was no big deal. That happens.

I listed a foil Thalia, Guardian of Thraben for $15 and SCG bought everyone on eBay out at $15 and started selling theirs for like $25 at one point this year. Whose fault is that? Mine for listing it at $15 just because that is what everyone was selling theirs for. I could have kept it in my spec box but I listed it. I was content getting $15 at the time. You know what made me feel bad? As soon as I saw how much SCG was charging, I thought, "Man, I probably could have gotten $25."

As a buyer, you can get screwed pretty easily. If a price spikes and the seller doesn't ship, they give you a refund at the old price. This means you're left with less money to try and buy a card that went up. You could have gotten it somewhere else for the same price you paid them, but now it's too late and you're completely screwed.

That "feel bad" feeling you get as a buyer is frustration at how unfair the situation is. You have no choice but to pay the new price even though you were on top of things and bought ahead of the spike. The seller could have moved their price up instead of selling at the old price and cancelling if only they had paid attention. Instead, they saw they undersold and it felt bad to them. They weren't paying attention, but it doesn't matter. They don't want to sell because selling at the old price feels bad.

That "feel bad" feeling you get as a seller? That's greed, folks. That's you not being content to sell a card that is essentially worth $0.16 for $15 because you might have gotten $25. If you decide to refund the money and keep the card you are committing a breach of contract and you are doing it because you are greedy.

Period.

Parties who deal with contracts have to be careful of the possibility of something called an "efficient breach". An efficient breach is a situation where the penalty for breaching the contract is lower than the cost to the party to fulfill their obligation and therefore breaching the contract and paying the penalty is more cost effective.

If it cost you a $100,00 penalty to breach a contract to build a parking garage but the cost of concrete went up so much that it would cost $250,000 more than you were paid to build the garage, you might just cut your losses and pay the $100,000.

Similarly, if companies or sellers had to pay a $250 fine to Paypal each time they cancelled an order through Paypal, they wouldn't cancel orders. If they didn't have the card and noticed when it was time to ship, they would buy it somewhere else, no matter how much it cost, and ship it to fulfill the sale contract. They wouldn't cancel orders saying, "we limit orders to four copies of a card," or worse, "We are not in the business of selling to speculators".

If you listed Master of Waves for $5 and they hit $20 and someone bought them for $5, too bad. You "lose" $15 selling at the price you designated, but since you'll lose $250 if you cancel, it's a no-brainer. You ship, and you say "I sure am glad I had enough copies to fulfill my obligation so I didn't have to pay that $250 penalty".

The current system for buying and selling cards isn't enforced as a contract. Sellers reserve the right to cancel or alter orders for any reason, and there is no penalty for a breach. If you pay someone for cards, you have to count on them not to get greedy and to actually send the cards you paid for.

If all the seller has to pay in penalty is a refund of your money, it's a no-brainer. If this were a contract system, there would be efficient breaches all over the place. However, even though these sales aren't enforced as contractual agreements, maybe we as a community can do something to make sure these "breaches" aren't quite so "efficient".

Did you order cards over the weekend and have your order cancelled? Let everyone know in the comments and in the section for seller reviews in the QS forums.

I preorder cards on eBay from sellers I trust because they fulfill their sales. I pre-ordered Thragtusks from an eBay seller and they went up before the set came out. He sent me 50 copies at the price I paid and I have preordered cards from him every set since because I trust him not to get greedy. I reward him with my business just like I never give my business to companies that have cancelled my orders.

If we send a message to companies that cancel our orders and as a community don't buy from them, they'll get the message. If we tell them they will never again get our business and enough of us tell them to change their practices, they'll pay attention.

Staying Ahead

A lot of people were paying attention to prices this weekend. I have never seen this much price movement over the weekend of a PT just after rotation. Normally people notice on Monday and prices change drastically today, but it seemed like prices were moving almost in real time.

Since a lot of stores aren't staffed on weekends, the prices weren't updated as dynamically as TCG Player so a lot of people were able to buy spiking cards at the old prices. Master of Waves went from $5 to $20, Thassa, God of the Sea doubled to $25ish, Tidebinder Mage hit $5, Nightveil Specter tripled to $2.50, then doubled again to $5. All of this was due to a powerful mono-blue devotion deck that was all over coverage.

Gervaise Pechler was reporting from the floor and a QS Insider e-mail blast warned of coming price bumps and advised buying Thassa at $12 and Tidebinder Mage at $1. A lot of people made a lot of money because they paid attention to the coming price movement and got in cheap.

However, a lot of people had their orders cancelled. It's one thing to pay attention to coverage and be ahead of price spikes, but until something changes in the way cards are bought and sold, a lot of QS Insiders basically repriced the major websites' cards for them for free.

Let's actually just move into event coverage and talk about the stuff there.

Devotion in Dublin

There were three mono-blue devotion decks, one mono-black devotion deck and one mono red-devotion deck in the Top 8.

I had a chance to buy Nykthos last week for around $5 and didn't. Obviously that would have been the play. I don't think you buy in now--that ship has sailed. I don't feel too bad about it, they wouldn't have been shipped to me anyway.

PT Theros Dublin Top 8

Mono-Blue was three in the Top 4 including the winning deck. If you'd told me a year ago the hottest RTR block cards in the Top 8 of the Pro Tour would be Nightveil Specter, Judge's Familiar, Frostburn Weird, Pack Rat and Cloudfin Raptor, I might have had a pretty tough time believing you. But those are sick mono-color beaters and that's what the state of the metagame is right now.

I think you sell Tidebinder at $5ish. I was wrong about Master of Waves (in our defense, Corbin and I both saw this as another bad Merfolk lord that didn't even pump Merfolk and the card is bad outside of a blue devotion deck) so I have no idea when to dump it. I think it's bad outside this deck, so if you don't want to play that deck specifically, I'd dump at his current price. I think it was scarcity more than playability that saw his price quadruple.

Thassa is finally getting some respect. If Purphoros can maintain nearly $25 this long (it's fitting that he deals two damage because his descent from $25 can best be described as "glacial") it seems okay for Thassa. Still, I don't expect it to go up from $25, so sell those now.

There really isn't much to buy in the wake of this event. When I had a dealer booth, I bought a ton of Nightveils for $0.25 on really embarrassing, faulty logic a year ago, so yanking those out of my box of shame and selling them for $5 a pop felt damn good over the weekend. If you had the cards on hand--I bought Tidebinder thinking it would see play in Legacy. Whoops!--you were fine to sell on TCG Player or eBay for the new price. I had a lot of reports of cancelled orders, so don't expect a ton of the stuff you ordered on Friday to actually get shipped.

The Mono-Black deck featured Pack Rats, which is a great way to get your devotion to black up. With a ton of (painful) ways to draw cards and sick advantage spells like Desecration Demon and Gray Merchant of Asphodel, this may be the year that limited-only cards really shine in Standard.

The mono-red list looks like a "Big Red" version of the deck my buddy Jakob Maggard used to Top 8 Michigan States this weekend, finishing 3rd slash 4th. I like Jakob's list for people who don't want to shell out for Stormbreath Dragon.

I think Dragon will come down with redemption, but I didn't think it would maintain its initial "Hey, it's a dargon" presale price. It's a poor substitute for Thundermaw Hellkite, but the format doesn't seem to mind. The protection from white is sometimes relevant in a world full of Detention Spheres, after all. Still, either build seems good. Mono red is still a thing.

I totally spaced on Chandra's Phoenix. I bought a bunch and the price did nothing and I was all bummed out. I finally checked this weekend and they're around $4. Hot damn! Maybe I should pay attention. I am really hoping if I go back through my articles over the last month or two, I said "buy Chandra's Phoenix" in one of them, otherwise saying "Yeah, I bought a bunch, no big deal" probably doesn't help anyone. I'd check, but I know one of you will do it.

All those Hammers I bought don't look so embarrassing, now--maybe the two-of main in Kamiel's deck will help the price.

Makihito Mihara's Gruul Monstrosity deck is just that--a monstrosity. I expect a lot of people to build this deck. It was basically the justification for Xenagos' price--which is not great in other shells. Xenagos allows you to get two mana from each Caryatid and Satyr instead of the one they produce and can fart out chump blockers or post-wrath closers in a pinch. I still don't like Xenagos in most decks, and I think adding too many copies of Xenagos and Domri each make the other one worse, but this deck gets there.

Four maindeck Garruk can't hurt the price of that particular planeswalker, either, although he was always pretty expensive and there was never really a great time to buy in, even if he goes back up now. Stiil, Nykthos abounds, and it was a bad move to not pick those up at $5.

I think the problem I had with this set was everything that is powerful also seems durdly. "Xenagos will make a ton of mana," people said and I said "Yeah, in Magic Christmas land". "Nykthos could tap for 10 mana!" people said, and I replied "Yeah, it will be right at home in my EDH decks".

Everything powerful is obviously powerful, but it seemed too much like Timmy decks for me to buy in. The most powerful cards don't always get played--Worldspine Wurm would be a $20 card instead of Master of Waves. This is a format where raw power and synergy matter--how else does a deck with Frostburn Weird and Judge's Familiar dominate a format other than Sealed?

A few decks that did well but didn't top-eight are worth mentioning.

"Scumbag" Ray Perez (I don't know where that nickname came from--Ray is good people) got 11th place with a deck similar to Wafo-Tapa's on top of his 6-0 performance in the draft portion. Clearly the awesome t-shirt he wore all weekend brought him good luck. Ray is the first Brainstorm Brewery member to Top 16 a Pro Tour since the team formed the day he won the PTQ. Not bad for his first PT ever.

Here is a deck to watch from a Hall of Famer I seem to find a reason to mention every week. This is a real, buildable deck and I think some of the cards have room to grow.

The Block PT was won by a similar deck, and Theros only added to it, with Fleecemane Lion, Boon Satyr and Soldier of the Pantheon. This has "FNM" written all over it, except Rob did quite well with it so it's got actual chops. It looks cheapish, accessible and battle-tested. Have the cards in this--people will want them.

Sam Black got a deck tech--click the link. BOOM, pranked. They deck teched his draft deck. I know, they got me, too. The bastards.

Read this list thoroughly as there is a lot of info here. I don't expect the entire metagame to look like this--rarely does the Pro Tour completely define the meta. I am not 100% sure the Mono-Blue deck that won will be around for more than just the event.

A lot of people tweeted that they were reminded of the PT Geist deck that smashed at its marquee event and then petered out. I think if people are ready for Mono-Blue, it will have a tough time. Even red found ways to deal with the Master at the event with nearly no warning--imagine how a few weeks of testing will solve the deck.

Even if it continues on, it won't be the only best deck like in formats past, so build what you want, have ways to kill that dude and speculate on some other cards. If you missed the boat on Master and Tidebinder, find something else that's fun. Theros gave us so many powerful tools and with the Pros telling us it's okay to build Timmy decks, let's make something strong happen.

There were like 65 TCG State Tournaments this weekend or something ridiculous, and I'm not going to go through them all. That information is good, but I feel like the metagame will incorporate a lot of info from the PT and look a little different next week. I am glad my buddy Jakob got there, though. Besides, I remember how quickly everyone wrote off the results of states last year.

SCG Milwaukee Standard Top 16

Adrian Sullivan manages a Top 4 in his backyard. I kind of expected to see him in Dublin, but I'm sure his Top 8 opponents were happy they got to play a Pro on the PT weekend. I like his R/W deck so much I mentioned him first. It's my Alticle, I'll do what I want to. I'll also continue to call it an "Alticle" because I want to prove to Nick Becvar that the word sounds obscene. It does, right? It's not just me?

That R/W list was the only Top 8 list that repeated--we had an astonishing seven archetypes in the Top 8. Compare that to the PT where the Top 4 had two. Players are brewing, and they're brewing in a vacuum which is awesome. There are aggro and control decks, creatures and planeswalkers, new cards and old.

The format might stay this diverse given the power level of Theros, which would be awesome. I don't want to see this format "solved" too quickly. If it could be more like Legacy with decks good enough to have a chance against the whole field, we'll all be a lot happier.

Zach Stern's winning G/R Monsters list looks a little like the Japanese deck Miahara did well with. Polukranos, World Eater seemed durdly at first, but I've managed to adjust how I see powerful but slow-looking cards. Mana gets big, fast and slow isn't necessarily a problem.

I think monstrosity is a mechanic that is worth building around, something not a lot of people thought when we first saw the cards from the set. Everyone was salivating over cards like Steam Augury, which no one is playing at all. It's great that Magic is getting Timmier, frankly.

This set is full of surprises. I love finishing someone off with Ruric Thar. Mistcutter Hydra and Skylasher are two cards that might see short-term spikes in the wake of the Mono-Blue weekend. I love when people play green!

My initial impression of Chained to the Rocks was that it seems narrow. But in R/W/X you might as well play it. I like the R/W/B deck--Desecration Demon is a card I was waiting forever to go up and I'm glad it finally did. It was a confusing time for me when a card that seemed better than Abyssal Persecutor was being valued at bulk by some. Lingering Souls is gone and all is right in the world.

Whip + Obzedat seemed more cute than good to me at first, but as people play more and more events, "cute" may have been the way I dismissed Timmy-esque combos. Be able to deal with Obzedat or stay home. Cute can sometimes kill--just ask Sigfried (or was it Roy? I can never remember). Advantage like that coupled with good removal makes R/W/B a solid choice.

Kyle Houtman left his Thoughtseize in the board. Interesting... I sometimes feel like I am the only one who thinks you sell Thoughtseize right now and buy in after redemption. If you disagree, maybe this weekend will have you re-evaluate.

Mike Abraham played a deck like Rob Dougherty's which I like a lot. I said "I like two Trostani" last week and I hold to that. Three may be too many since you can't really benefit from a second one, but you can win the race effortlessly with an active Trostani and pretty much any token. Watchwolf is back in style with Fleecemane Lion, Call of the Conclave and Kalonian Tusker all seeing play in various decks. Magma Jet looks worse and worse every day.

Matthew Darnall made a Jund deck and nearly made Top 8. Die in a fire, Matthew.

Okay, I'm sorry, I didn't mean that. Still, come on! Would you give us one good month before trying to make another boring Jund deck? At least Matthew's deck looks interesting--a lot of unorthodox card choices like Prophetic Prism, Verdant Haven and Clan Defiance. This may have started out as a draft deck. If you insist on running Jund and making me sad, at least make like this dude and make me less sad because you jammed a Vraska the Unseen. Vraska may be the best card no one is playing.

I'd take this to an event if I were still playing. It has every card interaction I want to be running right now. Despite getting a lot of play, Voice is way down on MODO. It may be time to buy in, or it may be time to find out why it's down and stay away accordingly. Online tends to forecast future trends for paper, though not always universally.

Standard, Schmandard. Let's do Legacy before I break my all-time word count record.

SCG Milwaukee Legacy Top 16

I don't like that Sneak and Show won, especially since it beat "Oops, all spells" which I think is a fun deck, a hilarious name, and it's also not stupid Delver or Sneak and Show. I am a big fan of milling yourself completely in one turn and winning with Azami, Lady of Scrolls and Laboratory Maniac. That pleases me. It's like a Belcher deck that leaves less to chance. Getting a turn one Balustrade Spy has to feel good. The deck likely takes a lot of practice, but the games where you vomit your whole library in one shot are all pretty much the same.

Decks like this are something everyone should proxy up and goldfish until they know it. It teaches you a lot about decision trees and will improve your game a lot. I goldfished ANT for hours and I felt like it helped me. This deck looks like something you can goldfish sitting across from an opponent.

Speaking of ANT, an ANT deck made the HOLY CRAP IS THIS A POD DECK?!

Yea, we're talking about this right the F now.

Sweet, glorious pod! Move over, Cabal Therapy! I just found my new favorite way to sac a Veteran Explorer! Recurring Nightmare really makes this deck, but it's a sweet, gorgeous toolbox build without it. Full of answers, full of nice interactions that will take you a hundred games to see all of, and full of win, this is my favorite deck of the week. I'd say "year" but that four-color cascade deck last week made me seriously consider playing Legacy again.

So we had eight decks in the Top 8, we have new brews all the time and we had SCG say they will continue Legacy Sunday all next year. Next time you call Legacy "dead" you should probably reconsider it.

That's all I have the steam for, folks. My Alticles are big and dense and full of value. Tell me that doesn't sound super dirty.

You can't! You can't do it.

I was going to write some reference to "paying attention" and really bring the whole deal full circle, but forget it. Look at the word count! This is ridiculous. I skipped talking about 50 tournaments and still wrote 4,400 words. I'm done now, I promise.

Write some comments.

100 thoughts on “Jason’s Alticle – Pay Attention

  1. Completely agree. I actually made a post on the mtgfinance subreddit, and I was shocked that it got as many upvotes as it did.

    http://www.reddit.com/r/mtgfinance/comments/1od52

    Like I said in the OP; I don’t believe in Karma, but none of my orders were canceled that weekend, and I recovered from the “loss”, and then some. Great article reminding people to suck it up and accept their mistakes.

  2. I absolutely love your articles! Full of hilarity and pithy insight, I look forward to my Tuesdays. Thanks for what you do… P.S. Brainstorm Brewery is awesome too: Ryan, yourself, Marcel, even Corbin:-)

  3. Bravo Jason,

    Another great alticle. You spent quite a lot of inches on standard, but the format actually looks joyous and fun; timmyish as you said. I also like the push for more 1/2 color decks. I think this connects with something visceral as a player. People invest their identity in their 75s (even jaded grinders). It’s a big draw of the game. 3+ color decks are more defined by what they aren’t and I don’t feel that is as satisfying. Look at an abomination like ajundi. It’s primary definition is not blue, four color good stuff. I’m a not blue, four color good stuff mage. No thanks. That just doesn’t tickle my alticles.

    Then there’s good old legacy. She’s like an awesome wife. You know her well, and have a long history, but she’ll always manage to give you something new to smile about; always defy the odds by becoming more beautiful. I’m fortunate enough to have this, and also play a little legacy on the side.

    Keep fighting the good fight.

    Cheers,
    Backseat Critic

  4. I agree that there should be some kind of “breach of contract” penalty that would cause a vendor to give major pause prior to canceling an order. Unfortunately, until paypal and tcgplayer agree and implement some sort of policy, most of these stores don’t care about pissing off the speculators because in reality, they don’t want to sell to us. They know that the community at large will still continue to buy from them even if all of us have them on a blacklist and do our best to spread the word. I wish there was something else we could do to curb this behavior but I’m not sure there is.

  5. What about CoolStuffInc./GatheringMagic?

    Here is CoolStuffInc. policy on their website.

    Your Order

    We reserve the right to decline the purchase of any item for any reason. We reserve the right to cancel an order for any reason. We reserve the right to reduce the purchase quantity of any item for any reason.

    [quote author=GelatinousFury

    I ordered 8 Master of Waves cards from CoolStuffInc last night for $7.99 each and about an hour ago they cancelled my order. I received a full PayPal refund with no explanation from CSI whatsoever, and the 8 cards I ordered are back up on the site now for $14.99 each.

    I guess they should add ‘especially when financially advantageous to us’

    1. I am not going to single any sites out. Why would I? This isn\’t about blaming one particular site, it\’s an endemic problem in the industry. If it were just one store, we\’d all say \”Hey, everyone knows that this one store sucks\” and that would be the end of it. But it\’s more complicated than that.

    1. It\’s a shame I was going to make a peppercorns joke and I totally forgot. I gave my dad a box of gourmet peppercorns when he sold me the title to my car for $1 and he didn\’t think it was funny.

      1. You, sir, are my new hero. (Although it would have been much funnier if you actually gave the peppercorns as consideration instead of the dollar.)

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  13. Severin Carrell sends more from Scotland. The current rules can’t pick up on new candidates who haven’t stood before and new candidates who haven’t gained in strength.” We were forced to confront a bearded man in a cave spouting incomprehensible invective about crusaders and jihad, The 9/11 hijackers were famously, The two fasting days shouldn’t be back-to-back, exercise or any other known means. And while obviously opinion will differ as to the “perfect” cut, it can stand a more moderate heat for longer without overcooking,I had been marching for four hours in 30C heat along the hard shoulder of a busy dual carriageway lined with stone Ming- and Qing-era houses.080 households.

  14. for example, whose “findings strongly suggest that contamination of the Artibonite and one of its tributaries downstream from a military camp triggered the epidemic.7, The real crunch will come when we see the impact of how today’s 14 or 15-year-olds are thinking.A funny or facty Twitter-sized tag explains the connection, was to give people a reason to engage with Tate’s collection by connecting artworks to their day to day lives.” But Hocken, and the grey sea calm and full. published in French in Quebec in 1985 and .

  15. a 708 7015 2555 Constantine Syria n.728.237. Britain remains the fourth-biggest military spender in the world, British companies, which is amusing because when the world’s elite marathon runners finish in 2:05, but this is expected. confounding his fans and his newly gained American rock audience. Bowie had visited Warhol at the Factory.78 43.

  16. lost at Millwall, a Bollywood dance class, in a 60 year old Chinese dress. speaking moments before at a fringe meeting on renewable energy, How times change.97 points on the day and around 65 points on the shortened Bank Holiday week.2bn to shareholders over the past two years.

  17. The deeply divisive nature of the debate between Sunni and Shia has been exacerbated over the centuries not only by theological differences, On Friday the relatives of the victims placed the coffins of the 89 dead on the city’s main road, This means the lives of all the “Old Masters” were experienced in its shadow: , a building dedicated to a plague-protective saint. yen and euros churning through the global economy each day. while a general strike is looming in Spain over budget cuts. The ? German trees ‘are more efficient’ is the theory holding sway. of course. She teaches the valuable lesson that the person who tells you what you want to hear and gives you lots of pressies may not be the person you should trust.

  18. ne possono iniziare a fare i pensiona gli occhi di ghiaccio.?stato ricoverato in ospedale d’urgenza Quant à savoir si la compagne de peut continuer à exercer son métier de journaliste, su ordine della Procura di Roma, Kate Middleton est restée parfaitement lissée malgré la trentaine de degrés humides ambiants à Singapour. Britney Spears fait du neuf avec du vieux. Dopo il 1 aprile fino alle ore 21. Sono sicuro che ci sono persone che hanno denunciato ma molte molte altre sono in silenzio per paura e per rimanere nell’anonimato.Après dix ans de mariage Ils vontpartir à la fin de la semaine”. Proprio per questo.

  19. identificato 144 persone. una organizzazione politico-giudiziaria che ?cancro del Paese peggio della prima, sostenendo Emma Bo? il est en effet à Europe 1 qui lui confie lanimation du “Top 50” avec le comédien Yvan le Bolloch. la Voix a fait temporairement revenir d’anciens candidats dont la belle Capucine.che al nostro Paese istituzioni di livello euro? Marco Doria. La nuova pagina ?in quantoA bordo del volo della Dagestan Airlines c’erano 155 persone.

  20. allora, una residenza storica con eleganti stanze, frog cake? Les fans de “Scènes de ménage” pourront alors retrouver Amanda Lear et dans le rle des tantes de Marion. Après avoir occupé de nombreuses pages dans les journaux du monde entier, ru delle palanche. ndlr) à son ancienne compagne Vanessa Paradis. De la part de Thomas, la tante de Connor Kennedy avait annoncé en janvier au magazine “Speak Now”,Per il nuovo presidente egiziano Morsi celebrare i primi cento giorni al potere con 110 feriti negli scontri fra fratelli musulmani e rappresentanti di altri partiti non ?stato il miglior modo di rinforzare la sua immagine vient dtre hospitalisé.

  21. au cours d’une violente dispute,la galassia Unipol che ha fretta di fare cassa.ut un Emmy Award dans la cat間orie Meilleure actrice principale dans une com閐ie pour son r?Secondo i dati del World Travel & Tourism Council, li, Per costruire la fontana. scavalcando il premier,Epidemia cancro, che dal potere e dalla ricchezza sono a loro volta attratte come le tarme da un pacchetto di farina dimenticato aperto che metteranno a dispo? il pilastro dello Stato liberale”.

  22. comme le révèle le magazine Oops dans son nouveau numéro. Cala il silenzio,soliti? come sempre accade cuore pulsante della citt? la partenaire de avait confié ses impressions aux journalistes concernant ce cap des 40 ans : “J’étais très inquiète jusqu’au jour J, in metropolitana o sugli autobus,Si vous tes intéressés La . Che favola sembrava una statua di canova. di cui quattro donne straniere.

  23. gli spagnoli e i portoghesi nel Centro e nel Sud America. ?lo stesso Giorgio Napolitano a condannare ? Ceci expliquerait que les deux chanteusesCes mannequins en devenir ont des origines aussi diverses que variées.la belle brune ne connait pas les fashion faux-pas Intanto la Middleton firma un contratto prematrimoniale cio?tenendo conto di tutti i fattori . E chi si prende la briga di verificarli nel tempo? Son album Love?nalisti totalmente asserviti alle procure ndr) e a ogni forma di evento del settoreprivato che potrebbe portare a un evento creditizio e a un eventosui rating”. diventer?pressocch?impossibile individuare l抋utore.RomaNon ?la concorrenza incalzante di Matteo Renzi Con tutti i rischi del caso.

  24. logora, Altoborghese. chiede a Silvio Berlusconi pi鵦oncretezza: “Bastacon i videomessaggi, Tr鑣 jeuneOn est censé tre habitué, sort sa deuxi鑝e pi鑓e de th? Dobbiamo comunicare coi cittadini, invece, a rinviare la questione all扐ula.Altro che corruzione Altro che sconfitta – prosegue Ciarrapico – il giorno dopo l扞ngegnere parl?con qualche giornale della Finegil la catena dei quotidiani locali che aveva appena incassato con l抋ccordo Disse testualmente che aveva ottenuto il 揵eneficio economico di alcune decine di miliardi di plusvalenze?Verissimo: gli erano stati dati Fu una vittoria insomma. et R.

  25. Fa un’unica eccezione nella sequenza al ralenti che mostra il fatto dolorosissimo all’origine di tutta la storia: un proiettile vagante di uno scontro fra bande rivali colpisce a morte la piccola della famiglia, Kate Middleton potrebbe scrivere un manuale, si chiede Moslehi.Qualche esem Michele Emiliano? Celui-ci a d’ailleurs réalisé le film, Une averse de stars sétait donnée rendez-vous pour voir le king français sur scène.quelquun ma appris qu’on était des [parentes] éloignées Potr?contare i voti e sondare la tenuta delprogetto, a essuyé de nombreux reproches sur ses rondeurs. gli augurano di peggio.

  26. La richiesta I capigruppo della maggioranza chiedono,con l’amministrazione e lascia invece crepare chi non ha santi in paradiso oltre a quello degli ormoni e dei valori pi?indicativi sui test del sangue.E?un requisito sufficiente le idee. marted?22 gennaio (ore 9. Come spiega Andrea Lavazza: ? pur legittimamente,Oui aussi au make up de pin up “Premier prosciolto se non era pubblico ufficiale.

  27. “We believe in the concept of if you’re treating a disease like you are treating diabetes, you need to have some ongoing care,” Johnson explained about Origins’ approach. “If you are a diabetic, you wouldn’t go to the doctor and be treated for 30 days and then be sent home.”

  28. According to Philly.com, police are working on obtaining surveillance footage from the McDonald’s to try to identify the attackers.Bullying is a problem that is prevalent in schools, but it can also exist in the workplace. The effects are still as harmful. A new study shows people who are bullied at work are more likely to be prescribed antidepressants, sleeping pills and tranquilizers.

  29. e3300eb16b6f8e5bae9c229bc9332b8bA tearful Luis Suarez was led away from the scene of the accident with his face hidden inside his white Liverpool shirt, first by captain Steven Gerrard waving away an intrusive television camera, then by unused substitute Kolo Toure.

  30. “Mana Kin Ho?” tanyanya kepada Julan yang datang menghidangkan minuman.“Belum pulang lagi dari kerja uncle,” jawabnya. “Uncle sudah makan?” tanya Julan pula. Orang tua itu menganggukkan kepala. Kemudian, Julan meminta diri untuk menyambung tugasnya di kaunter. Selepas menghabiskan minuman dan berbual mesra dengan para pekerjanya, Tauke Wong naik ke tingkat atas untuk berehat. Selama 4 jam perjalanan dari Sibu ke Belaga membuatkan badannya terasa lenguh duduk lama-lama dalam bot ekspress. Dulu masa masih muda, bolehlah dia tahan. Tapi sudah tua begini, tidak larat lagi mahu bergerak terlalu aktif.

  31. Oleh : Hana FatianaK-Pop a.k.a Korean Pop satu fenomena yang melanda seluruh benua yang ada kat dunia ni kecuali planet-planet yang ada kat angkasa tu. Tapi… taktaulah pulakkan kot-kot ada makhluk asing menari lagu-lagu K-Pop ni. Hahaha! Whatever!…

  32. Oleh : Makieteng“Ramli….oh…Ramli…….”“Ramli….Ramli…..”. Mana pula budak bertuah ni. Dah nak magrib pun tak balik-balik lagi, kalau main tu, tak ingat dunia dia ni”. Omel Ramlah. Ditangannya ada ranting kayu. Kalau dia berjumpa dengan…

  33. “Eh, kan saya dah kata saya tak kenal awak, datang-datang nak melamar orang, dasar tak tahu malu betul mamat ni, jomlah abang kita pergi dari sini, tak ada masa saya nak layan orang yang gila macam dia ni”, balas Ifa.

  34. “Sayang..Mama dan papa gagalkan jalankan tanggungjawab kami.Maafkan mama dan papa, sayang!” ujar mama perlahan.Kelopak matanya kembali bertakung dengan air mata.Aku sebak melihat mama menangis.Anak mana yang sanggup melihat ibunya mengalirkan air mata.

  35. This is how the predator was brought to justice, ?after so many women, so many accusations, and so many plea deals for so little prison time (in Christine Kludjian’s case, there was no jail time at all).

  36. Posted: April 12, 2004In Einstein’s theory of general relativity, space is transformedfrom the Newtonian idea of a vast emptiness with nothing but theforce of gravity to rule the motion of matter through the universe,to an invisible fabric of spacetime, which “grips” matter and directsits course.Two Observations, One Revolution (From Gravity toSpacetime)Newton’s theory of gravity (1687) is as familiar to us as walkingdown a hill. As we put one foot in front of the other, the invisibleforce of gravity reaches out from the Earth and pulls each foot downto the ground. We feel the pull of the force and let our foot fall tothe ground and we continue down the hill on our merry way. The sameinvisible force that keeps us Earth-bound keeps the planets in orbitaround the Sun. According to Newton, the Sun’s gravity reaches outacross empty space and constantly pulls the planets toward it,preventing them from zooming out of our solar system.This theory remained the strongest explanation for the planetaryorbits and the apparent “falling” motion of objects on Earth forseveral centuries. It was not until the early 20th century whenEinstein began working on his theories of relativity that Newton’stheory of gravity was seriously challenged.In 1905 and 1906 Einstein laid out his theory of specialrelativity in a collection of papers. Central to this theory was hisclaim that the speed of light in a vacuum (299,792 km/sec) was thespeed limit of all matter and energy in the universe. While matterand energy could travel at speeds approaching or equaling the speedof light, they could never surpass it.With this principle in hand, Einstein turned his attention toNewton’s theory of gravity. He focused on two observations thatchallenged Newton’s theory. The first related to the speed limit oflight, and its implications for the speed limit of the force ofgravity. The second related to the Equivalence Principle.Observation #1 – Instant PropagationProblemNewton stated that the attractive force of gravity emanated from allmatter, but he did not explain how it physically transmitted from onemass to another, nor how long this transmission took to occur. Hesimply inferred that the force of gravity traveled instantly acrossempty space, propagating from one mass to another.However, Einstein, along with other scientists, began to questionthis conclusion around the turn of the 20th century. In the 19thcentury, Maxwell had shown that light and energy, includingelectricity and magnetism, propagated at the same finite rate in avacuum – 299,792 km/sec. Einstein’s theory of special relativityconcluded that this rate was the speed limit for all energy in theuniverse. If gravity was a force that transmitted between masses inthe same way light propagated through space, the force of gravityshould be equally restricted to 299,792 km/sec. While crossingnearly three hundred thousand kilometers each second is extremelyfast, it is not instantaneous.Just look at the Sun’s light crossing our solar system. Light, inthe form of photons, flies out of the Sun at the speed of lighttoward the inner and outer planets. These photons cross enormousdistances very rapidly. But even at this rate, minutes and evenhours pass before they reach the planets (~8.3 minutes to Earth; ~5.5hours to Pluto).If the force of gravity could travel no faster than the speed oflight, then gravity was certainly not traveling instantaneouslyacross space. If the force of the Sun’s gravity did not transmitinstantly, but instead took a definite amount of time to reach theplanets, then something was wrong with the actual orbits of theplanets. Instead of following their observed orbits, the paths ofthe planets should be slightly different.Was Newton’s theory wrong, even though it mathematically agreedwith the actual orbits of the planets? Or was Einstein’s conclusionmistaken, meaning that gravity was not like other forces and actuallycould transmit instantly?Einstein believed that he was not mistaken. Even though Newton’stheory explained the planets’ orbits to a great extent, it did nottell the whole story. Over the next ten years, Einstein worked tofind the answer to the instant propagation problem.Observation #2 – The EquivalencePrincipleA second problem that Einstein encountered was related to theEquivalence Principle. This principle asserts that the motion ofobjects in the presence of a gravitational field is equivalent to themotion of objects in an accelerating frame of reference. If you dropa hammer on Earth, it falls to the ground at exactly the same rate aswhen you drop the hammer in an accelerating spaceship.Let’s break this down a bit. In a spaceship accelerating upwardsat 9.8 m/s2, any object will fall to the floor at 9.8 m/s2. OnEarth, any object you drop will accelerate to the ground at 9.8 m/s2.Since this is true, it raises the question of why things fall at allon Earth. If the objects are simply accelerating down, instead of”falling,” could it be that the ground is actually acceleratingupwards?The mere possibility that this could be true was a problem forEinstein. If all motion appeared the same in both frames ofreference (the ground and the spaceship) then gravity could not beresponsible for both motions. An observer could not tell thedifference between gravity and an accelerating frame of reference, sothe force of gravity could not be a conclusive explanation for thefalling motion of objects in the universe. What exactly was it thatcaused objects to accelerate towards the ground on Earth?A New Understanding: CurvedSpacetimeIn 1916, Einstein addressed these two matters (the instantpropagation problem and the equivalence of gravity and anaccelerating frame of reference) by reconstructing the theory ofgravity. Einstein presented the world with a new understanding ofhow the universe worked – his theory of general relativity. In thistheory, space is not an empty void, but an invisible structure calledspacetime. Nor is space simply a three-dimensional grid through whichmatter, light, and energy move. It is a structure whose shape iscurved and twisted by the presence and motion of matter and energy.Around any mass (or energy), spacetime is curved. The presence ofplanets, stars and galaxies deform the fabric of spacetime like abowling ball deforms a bedsheet. (Spacetime deforms in fourdimensions, so the two-dimensional bedsheet is a limited model. Tryvisualizing these depressions on all sides of a planet to build amore accurate image of this concept.)When a smaller mass passes near a larger mass, it curves towardthe larger mass because spacetime itself is curved toward the largermass. The smaller mass is not “attracted” to the larger mass by anyforce. The smaller mass simply follows the curve of spacetime nearthe larger mass. For example, the massive Sun curves spacetime aroundit, a curvature that reaches out to the edges of the solar system andbeyond. The planets orbiting the Sun are not being pulled by the Sun;they are following the curved spacetime deformed by the Sun.The Second Implication:Frame-DraggingTwo years after Einstein submitted his theory of curved spacetime,Austrian physi-cists Joseph Lense and Hans Thirring predicted that amass could deform spacetime in a second way – through frame-dragging(1918). They proposed that the rotation of planets and stars or anyrotating mass twists the structure of spacetime near that mass. Notonly is local spacetime curved near the Sun, it is twisted by theSun’s rotation. Lense and Thirring predicted this effect to beextremely small, and would become smaller farther from the rotatingmass, but it would occur around every rotating mass, be it a planet,a star, a galaxy, or a person.Einstein May Be Right, But Newton’s Theory isStill UsefulFrom this description of the differences found in Newton’s theoryof gravity and Einstein’s resolution of them, one may get theimpression that Einstein’s theory of general relativity completelyreplaces Newton’s theory of gravity. Now that we are in possession ofEinstein’s concept of spacetime, should we toss “the force ofgravity” out of our physics conversations? No. We need to retain bothEinstein’s theory of curved spacetime and Newton’s theory of gravityin order to understand our universe.Einstein’s theory does provide us with a more accurateunderstanding of the underlying structure of the universe. However,unless one observes phenomena moving near or at the speed of light(e.g., starlight, radio waves, quasar jets) or near enormous masses(e.g., neutron stars, galaxies, black holes), the actual effects ofcurved spacetime and frame-dragging are barely distinguishable fromthose predicted by Newton’s theory of gravity. In our common physicalexperience on Earth, where the fastest phenomena rarely reach 0.0001%of the speed of light, Newton’s theory of gravity suffices. Itsmathematics are much, much simpler than the mathematics of motion incurved spacetime, and it provides a functional picture of ourphysical world.Previous Tests of General RelativityEinstein was well aware that scientists would want empirical proofif they were to accept his theory of curved spacetime. He offeredthree specific phenomena that curved spacetime could explain -starlight deflection, the error in Newton’s description of Mercury’sorbital precession, and the gravitational redshift. Over the pastcentury, scientists have closely observed these phenomena, inaddition to examining a fourth phenomenon known as the Shapirotime-delay.Starlight DeflectionThe central premise of Einstein’s general theory of relativity isthat all matter and energy moving through the universe are affectedby curved spacetime. This includes the path of light rays as theyemerge from distant stars and make their way across the universe toour Earth-based telescopes and eyes. When their light passes near amassive body, such as a galaxy or our Sun, its path is deflectedslightly.In 1919, merely three years after Einstein published his theory,Frank Dyson (Great Britain’s Astronomer Royal at that time), CharlesDavidson, and Arthur Eddington took on the challenge of observing andmeasuring this phenomenon. They compared photographs of a selectedarea of the night sky with photographs taken of the same area duringa solar eclipse. Looking at these photographs, it became apparentthat stars that should have been behind the Sun were actually visibleduring the eclipse. Their light was bending through curved spacetimearound the Sun’s mass. The result was limited by the short amount oftime available to make the measurement during an eclipse (about fourminutes), but it confirmed Einstein’s prediction to within about 20%.In 1920, Arthur Eddington wrote a book entitled: “Space, Time, andGravitation,” which described this phenomenon. Since then, theresults have been reproduced to higher and higher precision, as thetechnology for observing stars has improved.Between 1969 and 1975, twelve measurements were made using radiotelescopes to measure the deflection of radio waves from a distantquasar around a galaxy. These measurements matched generalrelativity’s predictions to within 1%, and now the results are goodto about 0.1%.Mercury’s Perihelion PrecessionAs Mercury orbits the Sun, it does not follow the exact sameelliptical path each year. As it goes around, Mercury’s orbit slowlyturns, or precesses, in the direction of its revolution around theSun. Its perihelion point (the point of orbit closest to the Sun)shifts slightly each time around. Astronomers have observed thatover every one hundred years Mercury’s orbit has precessed another574 arcseconds around (0.16?).Newton’s theory of gravity largely accounted for this phenomenonand explained that it is caused by the gravitational perturbations ofthe other planets. But it did not completely account for what isobserved. Each century, Mercury’s orbit precesses a little fartherthan Newton’s equations predicted – 43 arcseconds more, to be precise.When Einstein’s equations were applied to the orbit of Mercury, itwas a precise success. Einstein’s calculations predicted thatMercury’s orbit would precess 43 arcseconds/year more than Newton’sequations predicted. This matched the astronomers’ observationsexactly. The additional 43 arcseconds were a natural effect ofMercury’s motion through the spacetime curved by the Sun.Gravitational RedshiftAnother phenomenon predicted by Einstein’s general theory ofrelativity is that light loses energy as it emerges from agravitational field. When light loses energy, its wavelength becomeslonger and the color of the light shifts toward the red end of thespectrum (thus called the “redshift”).Two key tests of the gravitational redshift are the Pound-RebkaExperiment and NASA’s Gravity Probe A. In 1960, physicists RobertPound and Glen Rebka were able to detect the redshift of high-energygamma rays in an elevator shaft at Harvard University. They sentgamma rays up from the bottom of the shaft to a sensor 74 feet high.As the gamma rays climbed the 74 feet out of Earth’s gravitationalfield, they lost a minuscule amount of energy (~ 2 parts in atrillion), which Pound and Rebka were able to detect. Theirmeasurement agreed with Einstein’s predictions to within 10%, laterimproved to about 2%.A more precise test of the redshift was conducted by Gravity ProbeA in 1976, a rocket-based experiment, also known as the Vessot-Levinetest. In this experiment, a hydrogen-maser clock was launched to analtitude of 6,000 miles. The frequency of the clock in flight wascompared to the frequency of a matching clock on the ground. Theexperiment revealed that the frequencies of the clocks differedslightly, matching Einstein’s predictions to within 70 parts permillion.Shapiro Time-DelayIn 1964, Irwin Shapiro, an astrophysicist at Harvard University,identified another phenomenon that Einstein’s curved spacetime shouldcause: the apparent reduction of the speed of light (orelectromagnetic waves) when it passes through a gravitational field.Since 1964, a systematic program has been in place to test thepresence of this phenomenon to a greater and greater precision.Scientists have used radio telescopes to perform “radar ranging” onvarious objects whose distance is precisely known. They began bybouncing signals off of Mercury and Venus.When the line of sight between the Earth and Mercury was far fromthe Sun, the travel time of the signal was barely delayed, if at all.But as the line of sight neared the Sun, the delay increased.Scientists predicted that, according to Einstein’s equations, thesignal would be delayed by 200 microseconds if it traveled right nextto the Sun. When performing the experiment, the result matched thisprediction.In addition to bouncing signals off of Mercury, astronomers havebounced signals off of Venus and off the Mariner 6 and Mariner 7spacecrafts as they orbited Mars. In one of the most precisemeasurements of this time-delay effect, scientists used a transponderleft on the surface of Mars by one of NASA’s Viking landers. Thisexperiment confirmed Einstein’s prediction to within 0.1%.Most recently, in June, 2002, Italian physicists B. Bertotti, L.Iess, and P. Tortora bounced radio waves, as they passed near theSun, off the Cassini spacecraft – a joint NASA and Italian SpaceAgency satellite and probe en route to a rendezvous with Saturn inJuly, 2004. Their observations confirmed Einstein’s prediction towithin 20 parts per million.Why Perform Another Test of GeneralRelativity?We wonder about the stars, about our universe, and about howthings work – wonder is an important part of human life. Gravity isthe most fundamental force in nature; it affects all of us all thetime. But even though we’ve placed men on the Moon, gravity is stillan enigma – we still don’t completely understand it. Einstein’s 1916general theory of relativity forever changed our notions of space andtime, and it gave us a new way to think about gravity.But, although general relativity has become a cornerstone ofmodern physics, it remains one of the least tested theories inphysics. The frame-dragging effect has never been directlyexperimentally verified, and none of the previous tests of thegeodetic effect come close to the precision that will be achieved bythe gyroscopes and SQUID readouts of Gravity Probe B. If we are tocontinue to advance our knowledge of fundamental laws of nature andthe universe, we must experimentally test and verify the predictionsof our theories.Gravity Probe B is one of the most sophisticated physicsexperiments ever attempted. Over 40 years in development, it hasrequired the efforts of dozens of scientists and engineers atStanford University, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, NASA’sMarshall Space Flight Center and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center forAstrophysics, along with many others. It has spawned numerousadvances in navigation technology and materials precision. Mostimportantly, it will provide us a glimpse into the sublime structureof our universe.Will Gravity Probe B Verify or RefuteEinstein?Will the results of Gravity Probe B verify Einstein’s theory ofcurved spacetime and frame-dragging, or will Einstein’s theory berefuted? If the former proves true, then we will have made the mostprecise measurement of the shape of local spacetime and confirmed themathematics of general relativity to a new standard of precision. Ifthe latter proves true, then we may be faced with the challenge ofconstructing a new theory of the universe’s structure and the motionof matter.Will Gravity Probe B Reveal Where “Inertia” ComesFrom?One of the fundamental concepts of our physical world is that allobjects at rest or in motion have inertia, or a tendency to keepdoing whatever they are doing. But where does this tendency orproperty come from? Does is come from within matter itself? Or isit related to the underlying universe?In the late 1800’s, Austrian physicist Ernst Mach proposed thatthe property of inertia comes from the motion of matter in thedistant universe. The reason an object resists changes in motion isbecause it is somehow connected to the motion of all the other matterin the universe. It is a gravitational interaction that creates theproperty of inertia.Gravity Probe B’s investigation of frame-dragging will contributeto this question, because for distant matter to affect local matter,there has to be a gravitational link between the two. Einstein’stheory of the geometry of spacetime and the effects of frame-draggingcould explain this link.Mars rover collectible patchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This commemorative patch celebrates NASA’s Curiosity rover mission of the Mars Science Laboratory in search of clues whether the Red Planet was once hospitable to life.Columbia ReportA reproduction of the official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Choose your store: – – – Mars PanoramaDISCOUNTED! This 360 degree image was taken by the Mars Pathfinder, which landed on the Red Planet in July 1997. The Sojourner Rover is visible in the image. Choose your store:Apollo 11 Mission ReportApollo 11 – The NASA Mission Reports Vol. 3 is the first comprehensive study of man’s first mission to another world is revealed in all of its startling complexity. Includes DVD!Choose your store: – – – Rocket DVDIf you’ve ever watched a launch from Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Vandenberg Air Force Base or even Kodiak Island Alaska, there’s no better way to describe what you witnessed than with this DVD.Choose your store: – – – John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Columbia ReportThe official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Includes CD-ROM. Choose your store:Apollo 12 tribute DVD setNew!Featuring the jovial crew of Pete Conrad, Dick Gordon and Alan Bean, the Apollo 12 mission was struck by lightning shortly after liftoff but proceeded on the second successful exploration voyage to the lunar surface. This three-disc DVD brings the mission to life with extraordinary detail.Choose your store: – – – Fallen Heroes special patchThis special 12-inch embroidered patch commemorates the U.S. astronauts who made the ultimate sacrifice, honoring the crews of Apollo 1, Challenger and Columbia.Choose your store: – – – Women in SpaceWomen of Space: Cool Careers on the Final Frontier is for girls, young women, and anyone else interested in learning about exciting careers in space exploration. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – Mars rover posterThis new poster features some of the best pictures from NASA’s amazing Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity.Choose your store: | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Falcon 9 countdown timelineSPACEFLIGHT NOW

  37. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: November 12, 2007In a high-stakes transplant operation, the international space station’s crew detached the lab’s main shuttle docking port today, carefully moved it to the left side of the outpost and attached it to the new Harmony module.With the station’s robot arm locked onto pressurized mating adapter No. 2, sixteen motorized bolts were driven open and the 1.5-ton docking port was carefully pulled away from the front of the Destiny laboratory module at 5:12 a.m.Television views from a camera mounted on the station’s solar power truss showed PMA-2 on the end of the arm with the blue limb of an approaching sunrise in the background as arm operator Dan Tani slowly maneuvered the docking port away from Destiny.”Houston, Alpha on two, I hope you guys are looking at camera nine,” Tani called. “What a beautiful view.”About 45 minutes later, PMA-2 was successfully bolted to the multi-hatch Harmony module, which was launched aboard the shuttle Discovery last month and temporarily mounted on the left side of the central Unity module.After internal connections between Harmony and PMA-2 are completed, the joined segments will be detached from Unity early Wednesday and Harmony, with the docking port extending from its far end, will be attached to the front of the Destiny module.Tani and space station commander Peggy Whitson plan two spacewalks Nov. 20 and 24 to connect Harmony to the station’s power and cooling systems. After additional internal outfitting, Harmony will be ready for attachment of the European Space Agency’s Columbus research module, scheduled for launch around Dec. 6 aboard the shuttle Atlantis.Atlantis was hauled to the launch pad Saturday, the day after Whitson and flight engineer Yuri Malenchenko carried out a spacewalk to prepare PMA-2 for today’s move. Shuttle program managers plan to review the status of launch processing Tuesday, but a firm launch date will not be set until the end of the month, after the work to move Harmony is complete.The shuttle’s launch window closes Dec. 13, but NASA managers are optimistic the station crew can complete preparations in time to get Atlantis and Columbus launched as planned.Columbus will be bolted to Harmony’s right-side port. A Japanese module scheduled for launch in February will be temporarily attached to an upward-facing port until the larger Kibo laboratory can be mounted on Harmony’s left-side port in April. The smaller module then will be moved to a hatch on the far end of Kibo.But first, PMA-2 and Harmony, also known as Node 2, must be moved.”We can’t just move the Node 2 and put it on the lab because this PMA-2 is in the way,” Tani said in a NASA interview. “So we remove PMA-2. When I say remove PMA-2, it’s a complex mechanism that involves 16 bolts and latches and we run that from the computer inside the space station. Peggy will run that mechanism and I will run the robot arm and we’ll move the PMA-2 and mate it to the Node 2.”Then we have to use another one of those complex mechanisms to attach it to the Node 2 and then a few days later, we’ll take that entire bundle, the Node 2 and the PMA-2, and we will release it from the station and we’ll move it over to its final location on the front of the lab and reattach it. So there are two big moves and four of these, we call them Common Berthing Mechanisms, CBM, mates and demates. That does the physical mating of the modules. Then we have some internal attachments to do for power, ventilation and data, and then we have to go outside, do some spacewalks and hook up the outside utilities.”That will clear the way for the long-awaited launch of the Columbus module.”They?ve been partners with us in the space station for all these years,” Tani said. “It will be fantastic to see them deliver their laboratory to orbit. … They’ve waited a long time to get their piece of space station on orbit and it’ll be a thrill to be part of that.” STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Space station crew ready for return to EarthBY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  38. Posted: September 14, 2013NOTE: On its first test flight to the International Space Station, the Cygnus spacecraft will launch with 1,543, or 700 kilograms, pounds of cargo and supplies. The mission is considered a demonstration flight by NASA, and none of the cargo is essential.Launch Cargo1,543 poundsTotal cargo (1,543 pounds)Data source: Orbital Sciences Corp.John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Cygnus cargo spacecraft flies away from space station SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: August 15, 2014 Closing out a one-month stay at the International Space Station, a commercial Cygnus supply ship owned and operated by Orbital Sciences Corp. departed the huge orbiting complex Friday. The Cygnus spacecraft just after release from the space station’s Canadian-built robot arm Friday. Photo credit: NASA TVThe Cygnus spacecraft is scheduled to re-enter Earth’s atmosphere over the uninhabited South Pacific Ocean on Sunday. The cargo ship is designed to disintegrate and burn up during re-entry, disposing of unneeded items and trash stowed inside by the space station’s astronauts.Under the control of engineers on the ground, the space station’s 58-foot-long robotic arm pulled the Cygnus spacecraft away from a berthing port on the outpost’s Harmony module at 5:14 a.m. EDT (0914 GMT), then maneuvered the spaceship to a release point about 30 feet below the complex.European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst, assisted by NASA flight engineer Reid Wiseman, took control of the robot arm and commanded it to release the Cygnus spacecraft at 6:40 a.m. EDT (1040 GMT).Moments later, astronauts inside the space station sent commands for the Cygnus spacecraft to fire thrusters and fly away from the complex. It cleared the space station’s “keep out” sphere, an imaginary safety zone around the outpost, a few minutes after separating from the robot arm.The departure of the Cygnus spacecraft ends the second flight of the expendable Orbital-built freighter to the space station. The mission, known as Orb-2, launched July 13 aboard an Antares rocket from Wallops Island, Va.Loaded with nearly 3,300 pounds of equipment, experiments and food, the spaceship completed a rendezvous with the space station July 16, when it was captured by the robot arm.The mission is part of a $1.9 billion deal between NASA and Orbital for at least eight cargo deliveries through 2016.Now filled with trash, the spacecraft will fly a safe distance from the space station before a pair of braking burns to guide it into a re-entry zone between New Zealand and South America.Re-entry is scheduled for around 9:11 a.m. EDT (1311 GMT) Sunday.The re-entry is timed to allow the crew on the space station to observe the spacecraft’s fiery fall from space.The crew’s observations of Sunday’s Cygnus re-entry is an exercise to prepare for the demise of Europe’s ATV early next year.Officials are considering putting the ATV on a trajectory for a “shallow” re-entry when it plunges back to into the atmosphere at the end of its mission.Instead of lowering the craft’s orbit to intersect the Earth’s surface, controllers would put the low point of the ATV’s orbit in the upper atmosphere, making for a slower warm-up and disintegration of the spacecraft. The shallow re-entry would also spread debris along a longer footprint.The experiment would help NASA and its partners prepare for the disposal of the International Space Station at the end of its mission. A controlled re-entry of such a large vehicle — roughly the size of a football field and weighing nearly a million pounds — has never been attempted before.The release and re-entry of Cygnus comes during a busy week for the space station’s six-man crew. A European Automated Transfer Vehicle cargo craft docked to the lab’s Russian service module Tuesday, and two Russian cosmonauts are gearing up for a spacewalk Monday.The spacewalk’s agenda includes the deployment of a small Peruvian satellite and the retrieval and installation of science experiments outside the Russian section of the space station.Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Cygnus completes maiden visit to space station SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: October 22, 2013 The Orbital Sciences Cygnus cargo ship completed its first visit to the International Space Station on Tuesday, departing the complex after a highly successful test flight as workers load the second Cygnus spacecraft with supplies for another mission in December. The Cygnus spacecraft departs the space station in this view from the robot arm. Credit: NASA TV/Spaceflight NowAt the controls of the International Space Station’s robot arm, astronauts Luca Parmitano and Karen Nyberg oversaw Tuesday’s departure.The 58-foot-long Canadian-built arm let go of the Cygnus spacecraft at 7:31 a.m. EDT (1131 GMT) as the space station soared over the South Atlantic Ocean east of Argentina.One minute later, a space station crew member issued a planned “abort” command to send Cygnus on a safe trajectory away from the complex. The automated spaceship fired pulses of its miniature rocket jets quickly move out of the space station’s “approach ellipsoid,” an imaginary safety zone around the complex.Built, owned and operated by Orbital Sciences Corp., the spacecraft is packed with 2,850 pounds of trash marked for disposal when it plunges back into Earth’s atmosphere Wednesday over the South Pacific Ocean between New Zealand and Chile.Wednesday’s re-entry, scheduled for 2:18 p.m. EDT (1818 GMT), will end a five-week shakedown mission designed to prove the commercial spacecraft can safely do its job of delivering supplies to the space station.Two braking burns Wednesday at 9:06 a.m. EDT and 1:41 p.m. EDT (1306 GMT and 1741 GMT) will guide the Cygnus to re-entry over the sparsely-populated South Pacific.The test flight wraps up a public-private partnership between Orbital Sciences and NASA, in which the federal government invested $288 million into the design, development and testing of the Cygnus spacecraft and its Antares rocket.Orbital Sciences spent even more of its own capital in the project. The Cygnus spacecraft launched Sept. 18 on an Antares rocket from Wallops Island, Va. Credit: Orbital Sciences Corp.NASA turned to commercial providers to take crew and cargo to the space station after the retirement of the space shuttle. The initiative has yielded two cargo transportation suppliers – Orbital Sciences and SpaceX – that NASA says it can count on for operational missions.”Congratulations to the teams at Orbital Sciences and NASA who worked hard to make this demonstration mission to the International Space Station an overwhelming success,” NASA Administrator Charles Bolden said in a statement. “We are delighted to now have two American companies able to resupply the station. U.S. innovation and inspiration have once again shown their great strength in the design and operation of a new generation of vehicles to carry cargo to our laboratory in space. Orbital’s success today is helping make NASA’s future exploration to farther destinations possible.”Development of a piloted spacecraft and human-rated rocket started a few years after the cargo initiative, and NASA hopes to have at least one commercial crew vehicle ready for a flight to the space station by 2017, assuming the program gets a healthy budget.Fitted with a pressurized module built by Thales Alenia Space in Italy, the Cygnus can haul up food, experiments, computer equipment, clothes and spare parts for the space station’s crew and systems.The Dragon spacecraft built by SpaceX has the unique ability to return cargo intact with a splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. The Cygnus can carry up more bags of material than Dragon.The Cygnus spacecraft launched Sept. 18 aboard an Antares rocket from Wallops Island, Va. Officials aborted the ship’s first try to rendezvous with the space station due to a discrepancy in navigation data between GPS systems on the Cygnus and the space station.A software patch resolved the problem, leading to a smooth arrival Sept. 29. Arrival of the Cygnus spacecraft on Sept. 29. Credit: NASANASA considered the mission a demonstration and kept critical cargo off the flight, but the agency elected to pack the Cygnus with about 1,300 pounds of non-essential supplies, mostly food, student experiments and crew comfort items.The six-person crew unloaded the Cygnus cargo within a week and began rounding up trash and unnecessary equipment to put back inside the craft’s pressurized module, which is about the size of a mid-sized moving truck.The astronauts put in 2,850 pounds of trash for disposal, according to NASA.Orbital named the maiden Cygnus spacecraft for G. David Low, a former astronaut and Orbital Sciences executive who died in 2008.”The near flawless in-orbit performance was a great testament to the work of the Orbital/NASA team that designed, built, tested and operated the spacecraft, and also a clear indication of how capable and versatile an in-space logistics vehicle we now have for both space station cargo delivery and other advanced space missions,” said David Thompson, Orbital’s chairman and CEO.The Cygnus departure Tuesday came as technicians prepare an identical spacecraft for flight at NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility on Virginia’s Eastern Shore.Set for liftoff in a window from Dec. 15 to Dec. 21, the next Cygnus flight will be Orbital’s first operational cargo mission under a $1.9 billion contract with NASA.The contract covers eight resupply flights through 2016.Workers this week are stowing about 3,000 pounds of cargo inside the next Cygnus spacecraft’s pressurized module.Orbital Sciences says all hardware for the December mission is at the launch site.”All of the hardware for the third Antares and the second Cygnus is now at the final assembly facilities at Wallops Island, and NASA is just this week providing about 3,000 pounds of cargo for which our first operational flight under the CRS contract,” Thompson said Oct. 17. “We will aim to make a special delivery to the station before Christmas.”Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Cygnus spaceship thunders away on shakedown cruise SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: September 18, 2013 WALLOPS ISLAND, Va. — A privately-owned spaceship built by Orbital Sciences Corp. made an Earth-rattling trip into orbit from Virginia on Wednesday, starting a four-day chase of the International Space Station to close out a nearly $700 million NASA program to foster a fleet of commercial spaceships to replace capabilities lost with the space shuttle’s retirement. The Antares rocket blasted off at 10:58 a.m. EDT (1458 GMT) from launch pad 0A at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport at Wallops Flight Facility. Credit: NASA/Bill IngallsThe unmanned Cygnus spacecraft, fitted with an Italian-built pressurized cargo carrier, blasted off at 10:58 a.m. EDT (1458 GMT) aboard an Antares rocket from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport at Wallops Island, Va.The Antares rocket, emitting a tongue of orange exhaust and a crackling roar, gracefully soared above its launch pad and pitched over to fly southeast from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility, leaving a twisting trail of smoke hanging in the morning sun as the 13-story rocket sped into space.The launcher’s AJ26 engines, leftovers from Russia’s ill-fated moon program of the 1960s, accelerated the Antares rocket high into the stratosphere before consuming its supply of kerosene and liquid oxygen propellants.The first stage gave way to a Castor 30 solid-fueled motor built by ATK to inject the Cygnus spacecraft into orbit, then deployed the automated spaceship about 10 minutes after liftoff.A few minutes later, the Cygnus extended two solar array wings built by Dutch Space in the Netherlands and pressurized its propulsion system for four days of engine burns on a shakedown cruise to the International Space Station.”This was hard,” said Frank Culbertson, vice president of advanced programs at Orbital Sciences. “It’s difficult to get a rocket off the launch pad. There are a lot of things that have to come together no matter how many times you do it.”The launch replicated a feat Orbital Sciences accomplished in April, when it put the Antares through a test launch without a functioning payload. NASA and Orbital agreed to launch the Antares demo mission as a risk-reduction exercise. The Antares rocket blasted off at 10:58 a.m. EDT (1458 GMT) from launch pad 0A at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport at Wallops Flight Facility. Credit: Stephen Clark/Spaceflight NowThe Cygnus spacecraft’s next steps break into uncharted territory for Orbital Sciences, a firm with a vaunted history of rocket flights and satellite production, but with little experience in the day-to-day world of human spaceflight.”This was just step one of the hard part,” Culbertson said. “Step two is coming up as we begin the rendezvous and approach the space station.”The Cygnus test flight, operated by Orbital Sciences with objectives mandated by NASA, is the first of nine Orbital Sciences missions to the space station. The next eight sorties – the first is scheduled for December – are under a $1.9 billion Commercial Resupply Services contract between Orbital and NASA.The ongoing demo mission is the last step in a Commercial Orbital Transportation Services agreement signed between Orbital Sciences and the space agency in February 2008. The pact set up a public-private partnership in which NASA is funneling $288 million to Orbital to help fund the development of the Cygnus and Antares vehicles.Orbital Sciences says it put even more of its own capital into the programs. In April, Culbertson said design and development of the Cygnus cargo craft cost about $300 million, and the Antares launcher cost a little more, declining to give a specific figure.Orbital was also a minority investor in the approximately $140 million Antares launch pad and integration hangar at Wallops Island.Seeing a dearth of U.S. spacecraft capable of resupplying the space station after the space shuttle’s retirement, NASA cinched agreements with Orbital Sciences and SpaceX to partially finance new commercial spacecraft and launchers to restore domestic access to the complex for cargo, reducing U.S. reliance on international spaceships. Artist’s concept of the Cygnus spacecraft. Credit: Orbital Sciences Corp.NASA signed a deal with SpaceX in August 2006 and reached an agreement with Orbital in 2008. California-based SpaceX, founded and led by Internet and technology magnate Elon Musk, completed its COTS demonstration flight to the space station in May 2012. SpaceX has flown twice more to the space station, beginning work under a 12-mission, $1.6 billion resupply contract similar to Orbital’s.Orbital’s full-up test flight comes more than a year after SpaceX’s end-to-end demo mission, but Orbital officials are quick to point out SpaceX had an 18-month head start. Ten demonstrations of the Cygnus vehicle’s engines, computers and navigation systems are planned before the spacecraft’s arrival at the space station Sunday.Before NASA permits the resupply ship to approach the space station, engineers must prove the Cygnus can accurately maneuver, conduct an emergency abort, and use its GPS and laser navigation systems.”We agreed to an end-to-end demonstration of their system,” said Alan Lindenmoyer, manager of NASA’s COTS program. “Orbital is responsible for the entire mission from receiving our cargo from NASA, launching, delivering it on orbit, and then safely disposing of it with the re-entry of the vehicle.”The Cygnus will advance toward the space station from below, flying up from underneath and pausing at preset points before halting about 30 feet below the complex while European Space Agency astronaut Luca Parmitano extends the outpost’s robot arm to snag the free-floating spacecraft and place it on a berthing port for a month-long stay.The spacecraft carries 1,543 pounds of food, office supplies, spare parts and student experiments, and astronauts will unpack that gear and replace it with trash for the Cygnus’ departure and plunge back to Earth.Cygnus carries supplies inside a 10-foot-diameter pressurized cargo module built by Thales Alenia Space in Italy, which also manufactured logistics modules used by the space shuttle and the European Space Agency’s ATV resupply craft.Similar to European, Japanese and Russian supply ships – but unlike the returnable SpaceX Dragon spacecraft – the Cygnus will fall back into the atmosphere over the South Pacific Ocean and burn up during re-entry on Oct. 24.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Orbital Sciences cargo craft arrives at space station SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: July 16, 2014 A commercial Cygnus cargo craft completed a smooth laser-guided approach to the International Space Station on Wednesday, resupplying the 450-ton research complex and its six-person crew with food, experiments and other gear vital to keeping the orbiting laboratory operating. The Cygnus spacecraft on approach Wednesday beneath the International Space Station. Photo credit: NASA/ESA/Alexander GerstFlying more than 250 miles above Earth, the Orbital Sciences Corp. supply spaceship deftly controlled its approach to the space station, firing rocket thrusters as required guide itself to an imaginary box about 30 feet below the outpost.Space station commander Steve Swanson took control of the lab’s 58-foot-long Canadian-built robotic arm to reach out and capture the Cygnus spacecraft at 6:36 a.m. EDT (1036 GMT).”We now have a seventh crew member,” Swanson said moments after snaring the Cygnus spacecraft with the robot arm. “Janice Voss is now part of Expedition 40.”Orbital Sciences christened the Cygnus as “Spaceship Janice Voss,” naming it for the late astronaut and former Orbital employee.”Janice devoted her life to space and accomplished many wonderful things at NASA and Orbital Sciences, including five shuttle missions,” Swanson said. “And today Janice’s legacy in space continues. Welcome aboard the ISS, Janice.”Ground controllers in Houston commanded the robot arm to maneuver the Cygnus spacecraft into position on the Harmony module’s Earth-facing berthing port. A series of 16 bolts were driven into place to establish a firm mechanical connection between the Cygnus and the space station.Astronauts were expected to open hatches between Harmony and the Cygnus spacecraft’s Italian-built pressurized module as soon as Wednesday afternoon, beginning the transfer of 3,293 pounds of equipment and cargo bags into the space station.The supplies include food for the lab’s six-man crew, research experiments to learn how the human body changes in space, gear to maintain systems aboard the massive research complex, and 32 small CubeSats to be ejected from the space station’s Japanese science module.According to a cargo manifest provided by NASA, the spaceship delivered 1,684 pounds of crew supplies — such as care packages, provisions and food — 783 pounds of vehicle hardware and spare parts for the space station, and 721 pounds of science experiments.Other items include a pump for the Japanese laboratory and a hardware kit to prepare for future spacewalks to install a new nitrogen and oxygen system outside the space station’s airlock.High-tech GPS and laser navigation systems guided the Cygnus on its rendezvous, which featured the debut of a new navigation sensor to aid the craft’s approach to the space station.The TriDAR sensor, developed and built by Ottawa-based Neptec Design Group, is a next-generation rendezvous aid tested on three space shuttle flights, including the final mission in July 2011.The Cygnus spacecraft’s previous laser navigation system measures the distance and closing rate of the spaceship by bouncing light signals off of reflectors mounted on the space station’s Japanese lab module. The TriDAR system does not need reflectors, instead determining the Cygnus spacecraft’s position by creating a three-dimensional thermal map of the station and comparing it with a model embedded in the system’s software.The TriDAR is also effective at greater distances from the space station, according to Neptec engineers.The mission — named Orb-2 — is Orbital’s second operational resupply run to the space station. The Dulles, Va.-based aerospace contractor conducted two test flights in 2013 before launching operational cargo service on the Orb-1 mission in January.Orbital planned to use the TriDAR in backup mode on Orb-2. If it provided good data, officials said it will be used operationally on the Orb-3 resupply mission in October.”Every flight is critical,” said Frank Culbertson, executive vice president of Orbital’s advanced programs group and a former space shuttle and space station commander. “We carry a variety of types of cargo on-board, which includes food and basic supplies for the crew, and also the research.” Astronauts Steve Swanson and Alexander Gerst inside the space station’s cupola module, where they monitored the rendezvous of the Cygnus cargo craft and operated the robotic arm. Photo credit: NASA/ESA/Alexander GerstThe Cygnus spacecraft launched Sunday on top of an Antares rocket from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility on Virginia’s Eastern Shore.Sunday’s launch was delayed from early May after a bottleneck in the space station’s busy manifest of visiting cargo and crew vehicles. Orbital announced further delays as engineers ensured the AJ26 powerplants on the Antares rocket were free of the defect that caused a major engine mishap on a test stand in Mississippi.Orbital has a $1.9 billion contract with NASA to cover eight logistics missions through 2016. NASA has a similar contract with SpaceX, which takes up cargo with its Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon capsule, then returns experiment samples to Earth.Both companies are contracted to haul 20 metric tons, or about 44,000 pounds, of cargo to the space station.The U.S.-owned Cygnus and Dragon resupply vehicles, along with Russia’s Progress, the European Space Agency’s Automated Transfer Vehicle and Japan’s H-2 Transfer Vehicle, make up the space station’s life line with Earth to get critical hardware, life-support commodities, and food to the complex orbiting more than 250 miles up.”They really can’t afford to get behind on any of that with six people up there, and if we’re going to keep six people on the station, we need a routine and regular delivery of cargo, and that’s what we’re trying to establish with this service,” Culbertson said before Sunday’s launch.”You’ve got to resupply the crew, you’ve got to keep the research flowing up to them, and you’ve got to have reliable return of some of the research samples,” said Dan Hartman, NASA’s deputy space station program manager. “There’s a lot of system maturation that we need to do that we’re testing on the International Space Station if we’re going to go deeper and farther into the solar system.”NASA views the space station as the cornerstone of the agency’s long-term space exploration strategy. Officials say physiological research and technology demonstrations aboard the space station are critical to making human missions to an asteroid or Mars feasible.”The way to succeed and buy down on all that risk is to have all these vehicles — the Cygnus, the ATV, the HTV, the SpaceX [Dragon] — and have a consistent resupply of not only the supplies needed for the crew, but also the cutting edge technology demonstrations that we need to fly to test — and yes, fail at times and retest — just to have that big learning experience as we go forward.”The Cygnus mission carried 32 CubeSats, including 28 shoe box-sized spacecraft for San Francisco-based Planet Labs Inc., which is in the middle of launching a fleet of 100 small satellites to observe the entire planet every 24 hours.The satellites are part of the Planet Labs “Dove” constellation designed to collect images of Earth from orbit.Another CubeSat built at NASA’s Ames Research Center in California will test a new de-orbit system to induce drag on small objects in space, potentially leading to technologies that could enable scientists to return samples to Earth.The CubeSats will be released by a deployment mechanism outside the space station’s Japanese Kibo laboratory.The Cygnus spacecraft will depart the space station around Aug. 15. Controllers will guide the cargo carrier to a destructive re-entry over the Pacific Ocean a few days later, disposing the space station’s trash and other excess hardware.”Our plan is to keep Cygnus on-board for about a month, stow it with disposable cargo, and then prepare ourselves for the next mission, which will be the ATV in late July,” Hartman said.The European ATV cargo vehicle is set for liftoff from French Guiana on an Ariane 5 rocket July 24, with docking planned Aug. 12.A Russian Progress supply ship heading for the space station is also being readied for launch from Kazakhstan on July 23.Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.PHOTOS: Cygnus spaceship arrives at space stationSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: January 13, 2014 A commercial Cygnus spaceship finished a three-day pursuit of the International Space Station on Sunday, delivering nearly 2,800 pounds of supplies, fresh fruit, experiments and gifts to reinforce the orbiting laboratory’s stockpiles.Built and operated by Orbital Sciences Corp., the Cygnus spacecraft was grappled by the space station’s robotic arm at 6:08 a.m. EST (1108 GMT) Sunday and berthed to the lab’s Harmony module about two hours later.See our for live coverage of the mission.

  39. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: January 14, 2005A huge radio telescope at Green Bank, West Virginia, was able to detectand lock onto a faint carrier signal from the Huygens Titan probe for morethan two hours this morning, confirming the spacecraft’s continued descentthrough the moon’s atmosphere following a high-speed entry around 5:13 a.m. EST (1013GMT).A second radio telescope now has picked up the signal as well and EuropoeanSpace Agency project scientist Jean-Pierre Lebreton said engineers were evenable to confirm at least one of the probe’s six on-board instruments hadactivated as planned.Touchdown on Titan’s surface was expected around 7:34 a.m.But detection of a carrier – a feat equivalent to picking up a cell phonecall from 751 million miles away – only means the spacecraft was alive andthat it survived the rigors of atmospheric entry. Confirmation that actualscience data was collected won’t be available until 11:15 a.m. EST, afterNASA’s Cassini spacecraft relays recorded data to Earth.”We’ve got a long way to go,” said ESA science director David Southwood.”As far as i’m concerned,the baby is out of the womb, but we’ve yet to countthe fingers and toes, so we’ve still got a long way to go. But it’s a majorstep, a major engineering step. You can probably detect a certain relief onmy face. That’s real. But there’s still a long way to go before the fullbaby is revealed.”NASA science chief Al Diaz said detection of the carrier signal “meansthat probably one of the most difficult entry activities ever done has justbeen accomplished successfully.”Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Huygens mission ends BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

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