The Colors of Modern – Part Two: Blue

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Last week, I began a five-part series focused on analyzing the varying impact each color in Magic has upon Modern, based on the individual cards that see play in the format and, to a broader extent, the archetypes made possible by these cards. If you missed last week’s article on white, check it out there; I’ll be using a similar format but elaborating in a few key areas. Through this analysis, our goal should be to highlight a large (but not comprehensive) list of some of the key blue cards in Modern, and with it gain some insight as to the relative strengths and weaknesses blue provides in the format. Through this process we can gain a better understanding of blue’s color identity, what it does best, where it struggles, and how it can be improved through future innovation. Let’s begin!


The Cards


Sideboard Powerhouses

Strong Options


Blue’s color identity in Modern is almost singlehandedly defined by one thing: card advantage and selection. Its best three spells (Serum Visions, Ancestral Vision, and Snapcaster Mage) all are focused on generating advantage of some form, be it re-buying spells, cantripping with selection, or just a delayed Ancestral Recall. Serum VisionsAny archetype with access to blue will almost automatically include 4 Serum Visions and 4 Snapcaster Mage, and every list that these cards supplement is arguably better and more consistent for it. The importance of card advantage is generally well known in the Magic community. Understanding why it's so crucial will help us identify blue's role in Modern.

The inherent variance of Magic that lies at the core of every game and allows for variation in gameplay and replayability is simultaneously a boon and a curse for Magic players everywhere. We’ve all been victim to fate, whether we call it “variance,” “bad luck,” “mana-screw,” or a million other terms---the fact remains that Magic games are often decided by the order of the cards, and access to library manipulation can drastically shift a player’s odds. Scrying with Serum Visions to dig deeper for specific answers, sideboard powerhouses, or even simply more lands/more action can often be the difference that sways the course of an entire game. Bottoming two lands that we otherwise would have been forced to draw can avert disaster, and that’s just one of the surface-level uses that Serum Visions can provide.

ElectrolyzeThe fundamental principle of card advantage is relatively straightforward. Access to more resources to leverage against an opponent will translate into greater material advantage in the end, all things being equal. Electrolyze killing a Dark Confidant and cantripping counts as card advantage, as does Izzet Staticaster invalidating a plethora of opposing creatures out of Abzan Company/Infect/Affinity. Card advantage rarely has to include the actual words “draw a card” printed on a piece of cardboard, but of course blue does that quite well too.

Note that cantrips like Serum Visions don't technically generate card advantage, but for the purposes of reducing variance they do the trick just fine. In the late game especially, bottomed lands often are virtually identical to extra drawn cards, as the eighth land drop (and so on) typically isn't worth a full card.

With this main strength in mind, let’s take a look at a few lists that seek to push this element of card advantage as a main path to victory.

The purest form of a “card advantage engine” available to us in Modern, Jeskai Control is built to accomplish one purpose: survive. Besides lands and one true win condition, every card in the deck is focused on either making exchanges with the opponent or pulling ahead with card advantage. Path to ExileHere we see Serum Visions and Snapcaster Mage, along with other blue card advantage-generating spells like Electrolyze and Cryptic Command, working to bend the natural one-card-per-turn resource bottleneck that normal decks experience in Magic. We’ve all seen these cards before, but incorporating them into our archetype carries with them a few connotations.

As a control-type strategy built on making exchanges and pulling ahead through card advantage, Jeskai Control (and similar strategies) are reliant on a certain amount of redundancy in terms of their reactive elements. For example, Path to Exile handles pretty much every creature well (besides tokens). Lightning Bolt does just as well considering its cheap mana cost, and can even combine with a Snapcaster Mage to kill a large creature, attack a planeswalker, or even damage an opponent directly. Mana Leak handles most threats well enough to be functional, albeit awkward, though the comparative merits of counterspells in Modern are perhaps better elaborated on in another article. TarmogoyfWhile certain spells might trade variability for power (think Lightning Bolt vs. Flame Slash as an extreme example) as a general rule we often see reactive strategies employ the most variable answers as possible to react to opposing threats.

Imagine a common scenario as Jeskai Control, where an opponent plays a Tarmogoyf while we’re tapped out. While it’s true that we deserve the beating we’re about to get, as we should never have gotten ourselves in this situation in the first place, our goal is regardless to find an answer to the Mean Green Machine as quickly as possible. This is where blue’s knack for card advantage and selection shines, as we can power through our deck with Serum Visions and Snapcaster Mage to dig for a Path to Exile or other answer to handle the Tarmogoyf. Were our deck filled with narrow, awkward answers (think Grixis Control trimming Terminates for Kolaghan's Command and other tricky spells) we would have difficulty finding our target spell in time, effectively spinning our tires chaining cantrip into cantrip yet actually getting nowhere.

Grixis Control is another example of a reactive strategy built on exchanges that seeks to pull ahead through the use of card advantage to gain a material edge against the opponent and leverage that towards a win. Spell SnareHere, Corey is using the trifecta of Snapcaster Mage, Ancestral Vision, and Serum Visions, backed up by a whole bunch of removal and other card advantage spells to tie it all together.

While I won’t talk too much about the intricacies of this specific list, those familiar with Grixis Control in Modern will see the dedication Corey applied to the concept of card advantage, including the now defunct Thought Scour alongside the Big Three Blue spells for a functional 16 copies of cheap cantrips! All those instances of “draw a card” will do wonders for Corey’s mileage out of his sideboard spells, not to mention helping him find extra lands when he needs them and powering out cheap, quick copies of Tasigur, the Golden Fang.


The other major contribution blue offers is its suite of counterspells. These run the gamut from more situational (Spell Pierce, Mana Leak), to hard counters that remain live long into the late game (Cryptic Command, Spell Snare). Inquisition of KozilekAs an answer, a counterspell presents certain unique advantages over disruption cards in the other colors. Compared to discard spells like Thoughtseize and Inquisition of Kozilek, the counterspell doesn't suffer from the top-deck problem. A late-draw Thoughtseize can sometimes be dead, whereas ripping a Cryptic Command off the top usually fills the blue player with a cushy sense of security for the future, assuming the game isn't already decided. Answers that aim to remove a permanent after it comes down, on the other hand, won't always negate the effects of the spell. Enters-the-battlefield abilities are a dime a dozen in creatures, and in fact constitute one of the major hurdles Modern-playable creatures must clear. The power to simply say "no" is hard to outclass in Magic, and helps explain why so few non-blue control strategies exist.

Enabling Combo Kills

The natural strengths of blue tend to make it suited to combo. This doesn't take the form of any specific combo itself, but rather the surrounding shell that blue can provide. Cantrips and card selection let combo pilots find the specific piece they're missing at any given point, mitigating the downside of running so many situational or "dead" cards that can spell doom for combo archetypes. Pact of NegationThis selection often doubles as extra insurance against hate cards post-board, digging for the counter-hate, permission, or alternate win condition we've brought in.

Permission can also play a key role in these combo archetypes, as the answer to whatever disruption the opponent presents. When you're trying to kill using a very specific interaction between just a few cards (often just two), the number of relevant cards from the opponent goes down markedly. A well-timed counterspell often will clinch the victory for the blue combo pilot, stopping the lone kill spell, opposing counterspell, or other disruption piece the opponent is able to muster.

Modern is littered with all sorts of combo decks that aim to take advantage of the selection and counter-disruption blue can offer. Storm, Ad Nauseam, and the now-defunct Amulet Bloom make prominent use of cantrips to put their plan in action. In the case of the latter two, Pact of Negation is a crucial component. More controlling strategies like Scapeshift tend more towards the permission avenue, looking to go long and fire the combo off with protection. Even Infect, an aggressive strategy at heart, employs combo elements as well, using cantrips to piece together the perfect hand on the critical turn and things like Spell Pierce to keep the opponent off balance.

Major Takeaways

While blue in Modern has shown that it’s capable of doing things other than library manipulation and permission, most of those options can be grouped under the umbrella of tempo. Merfolk as a strategy basically consists of a group of like-spells that work better together, and Aether Vial helps to power them out quickly. DelverWhile very different in terms of overall strategy and execution, Delver of Secrets // Insectile Aberration and Blighted Agent are both looking to push a specific form of tempo as well---Delver by itself and Blighted Agent in concert with pump spells for a quick kill.

Beyond that, blue is almost entirely defined by card selection and permission. Like white, it lacks truly powerful creatures or threats of its own (unless you plan on dedicating a whole archetype to synergistic threats à la Merfolk, similar to Tokens, Soul Sisters, and Death and Taxes in white). Snapcaster Mage is absolutely a powerful creature, but more so as a result of the utility he provides re-buying once-used spells and not as a creature ideally suited for actual combat. As a result, blue often finds itself paired with other colors capable of either presenting powerful threats (green for Tarmogoyf, red/white for Nahiri, the Harbinger) or applying those card selection and permission attributes towards combo strategies.


To fight Blue, disruption and cheap threats have been used to great effect in the past. These can either overload blue’s permission elements or capitalize on its “answer-light” nature by taking a specific reactive spell like Path to Exile with a Thoughtseize and then hoping blue stumbles in its attempts to find the right answer.

More than anything else, blue has found difficulty contending with the sheer variety of powerful things players can bring to the table in Modern, having to simultaneously fight against Lava Spike, Cranial Plating, Scapeshift, Tarmogoyf, and more. Blue in Modern has always existed in this delicate balance where it just barely is able to contend with a multitude of things being thrown at it at once, but the printing of a Counterspell-type effect would also prove too powerful and push it over the top. Right now, blue is at one of the best spots it’s been in Modern, and I don’t see that changing anytime soon.

Thanks for reading, and I’ll see you next week!

Trevor Holmes

The_Architect on MTGO

12 thoughts on “The Colors of Modern – Part Two: Blue

  1. I’m disappointed in this article, but I had a feeling that would be the case coming in. Being the control player that you are, you focused almost unilaterally on card advantage and permission elements, and while those are an important part of blue’s identity, they’re far from the only way to define the color. You paid mere lip service to blue’s aggressive side, whether it be tempo godsends like Delver of Secrets, combo engines like Blighted Agent, or synergistic beaters like the Merfolk (and the frankly-underrated Faeries). These strategies are very legitimate, and I would go so far as to say that Merfolk and Infect are the most accomplished blue decks remaining in the format, given Splinter Twin’s banning. Given how good the white article was, this one feels like a bit of a letdown.

    1. Roland,

      You make good points, and in retrospect I definitely should have spent more time discussing the tempo and disruptive elements Blue can provide in a similar manner to how I approached the card advantage section. I agree completely with you that Merfolk and Infect are too strong to not be discussed more in-depth, and that would have made for a more complete discussion.

      Thanks for keeping me honest, Black will be better!

      1. Thanks for being a good sport about the criticism (I was on the fence on whether I came off as too harsh or not), and I look forward to seeing what you have to say about Black! I think this series has still been productive overall, and to be honest I wouldn’t even mind a Part 2 for Blue so that you cover the things you didn’t get to this time around (no pro-Blue bias here, no sir).

      2. I believe that the color identity is right on the money. Yall spoke of missing out on some elements of the color in tempo and tribal synergies.

        Tempo speaks of timing, and is an archetype/strategy of deploying correctly timed counter spells, and using card advantage to pull further ahead. I thought(I’ll probably have to reread right after I send this) the article spoke of the generalities pretty well. Not as in depth as white, but I thought what was said about Blue was fair.

        Merfolk is absolutely a strong deck, and I’ve lost to it many times! But the Merfolk’s strength is not quite within the color identity as it is with the creature’s boosting each other stats and growing in numbers.

        If I’m not too far off the mark, I believe faries fall more in line with the blue color identity in being disruptive and pesky.

        Am I missing the point here, or are we getting closer to making another point? Help educate, please.

        1. I think we’re getting closer to making another point. Trevor spoke at length and very thoroughly about the things Blue control decks do to put themselves in position to win games, which are to disrupt gameplans and dig for whatever tool they may need at the time. However, Blue’s disruption and digging tools can be used for other purposes. Delver typically sticks an early threat, then holds up disruption and digging tools in order to protect it or replace it. The goal is to keep pressuring the opponent while holding down whatever it is they want to do. Infect also typically uses its disruption to protect early threats, but it usually doesn’t care much about the opposing gameplan otherwise – its card advantage and digging tools are used to find the pieces it needs to end the game as soon as possible (which is diametrically opposed to the “drown you in card advantage” approach a control deck takes). Merfolk is basically a snowball-style aggro strategy that uses its disruptive elements and digging to make sure the rush gets there, which kind of puts its approach somewhere between Delver and Infect in terms of aggressiveness. The pump is not fundamentally blue, but the disruption + digging utility creatures that have made it the most successful of the tribal strategies (think Cursecatcher, Harbinger, Kira, Silvergill, and Tidebinder) certainly are.

  2. Hello, I have been reading articles on this site since it’s inception, and I finally got around to bothering to post a comment. Allow me to preface this remark by stating that I greatly appreciate the content provided by all the contributors here, and thoroughly enjoy the exchange of ideas and the analysis that is the common fare of Modern Nexus.

    However, I would like to address your opinion in the closing paragraph of this article where you claim that counterspell is too good for modern. When Sheridan ran his first set of testing on Stoneforge Mystic to experiment with how impacting it would be on the format, I was overjoyed, certain that counterspell would surely be next in line and I have been holding my breath ever since. I greatly appreciate his testing efforts and fastidious data collection, realizing that it is all very time consuming, and would love to participate myself, but as it is, I can barely make it to one FNM a month or squeeze in a single MODO game when the opportunity presents itself.

    There has been nothing but theorycrafting on both side of the debate surrounding that card as far as I can tell, and one of your writers even addressed it as a possible healthy inclusion in modern as a police card a few weeks ago if I am not mistaken. Now that twin is gone, I think it is appropriate that this card is given a fair shake and at least examined in this new context instead of dismissing it based on no real data (that I am aware of).

    Either way, keep up the good work, everyone’s articles are always a pleasure to read and I look forward to them each week. I hope that when you get to green in your color analysis you might touch on some of the ways that it has been infringing on the blue slice of the pie recently, seeming to offer superior, albeit sometimes restrictive, selection and card draw in some instances.

    Lastly, @Jordan, as a lover of brews and other unrepresented decks, I suggest you try out esper control sometime before comparing it to the “vastly superior” jeskai, you may be surprised. I believe that esper control is one printing away from being a real contender in the modern meta game. I join Sheridan in his petition for innocent blood.

    1. I came for the comments after someone told me this article dismissed Delver, but I don’t think Trevor did a bad job. Every writer focuses on his interests. Trevor happens to be interested in card advantage and library sculpting. Still, I think it’s probably best to consider a color’s other applications in a series like this. Personally, I think blue is one of the most aggressive colors in the format.

      I did stumble across this comment, though.

      Re: Counterspell: Was I the writer who asked for this card? I think Counterspell would be fine in Modern. It would definitely become a staple, but with Twin out of the picture, this is exactly the kind of powerful space that’s been opened for Wizards. It’s just a matter of getting the card through Standard, which I expect will prove quite difficult.

      Re: Esper Control: Neither Esper nor Jeskai are my kind of deck. They waste way too many attack steps. I really like turning guys sideways. But I have some control-loving buddies and one of them swears by Esper. I’ve worked with him a good deal on the list, and agree that Lingering Souls, Path to Exile, and Snapcaster Mage are great together. The problem with Esper is it’s not proactive enough and it doesn’t interact efficiently with small aggro strategies. I also think Esper Charm is way overrated. The strategy has some stuff going for it, but you’re right, it needs another printing. That’s why we’re not seeing it put up any results. If Innocent Blood comes to Modern, I’ll reconsider my position!

      I alsowrote an article with some personal theory on interactive decks in Modern last year. Check it out here:

      Basically, I argue that Modern’s interactive decks either need Bolt or Goyf to work. We’ve seen that to no longer be the case recently, with UW Control having some success. I think UW has Modern potential because it gets around Blood Moon better than other Uxx options, doesn’t mind playing the best hate cards, and wins with a huge variety of haymakers (Shackles, Sun Titan, Elspeth, Sun’s Champion, etc.). That said, UW Control is far from a Tier 1 deck, and I think part of the reason is that it lacks Bolt or Goyf.

      Lastly, I appreciate the comment! But you’re lucky I saw this one. Usually I only read my own. If you want to discuss something, drop a line on one of my articles for a better chance at a response.

      1. Counterspell is ok because Twin is banned? I agree that counterspell is fine, but it would not have benefited Twin in the least if it was legal 6 months ago. Ari Lax said the same thing about Vision even though I’m fairly convinced Twin would only have used it in the SB if at all. It just seems silly to assume that every good blue card goes into every blue deck.

        Yes Twin might run a copy or two of counterspell, most like they’d have them in the SB instead of Negate etc. But every card that makes UWr, Esper or Grixis more viable in Modern would’ve directly worsened Twins position in the meta game.

        If you want to talk card selection and cards like SFM and how they night be ok because Twin is gone that seems reasonable though.

        This is of course a useless discussion to be having since Twin is dead and gone, but I’m still aching from the loss 🙁

    2. Counterspell was mentioned in my article, although it was originally suggested by readers in the comments section. I think it would be pretty fair overall—aggressive decks probably couldn’t care less and it’s not that different than Mana Leak unless the game goes long. The issue I see is Forsythe made it clear that Standard printings are the only way to bring cards to Modern, and Counterspell is a terrifying card to print in Standard. They recently made Silumgar’s Scorn with an enormous drawback and it saw lots of play.

  3. “…Blue in Modern has always existed in this delicate balance where it just barely is able to contend with a multitude of things being thrown at it at once, but the printing of a Counterspell-type effect would also prove too powerful and push it over the top.”

    I find this part rather amusing.
    At the same time you say that blue is barely able to keep up but receiving a powerful tool would push it over the top.
    What kind of changes you make in blue’s modern pool to make it strong as (if not more) the other colors but without “pushing it over the top”?

    I, for one, believe that blue has rather similar role as white in modern. Support and ” glue” the important powerhouses found in other colors.
    The sole exception of this would be merfolk but the strength of that deck lies in the tribe itself which happen to be blue. Likewise I wouldn’t say green or black are stronger of weaker because scapeshift or ad nauseum.

  4. Nice article, but honestly I think that calling jeskai control the “purest form of card advantage engine” available in modern is a bit wrong because a deck like esper draw go, while less competitive, can generate far more CA than jeskai and is way more dedicated to survive until it reaches a stage of the game where the deck can’t lose anymore because the opponent is buried alive under card advantage.

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