Exploring Vintage, the Original Magic Format

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My local game store (LGS), Tabletop Gaming Center in Newington, CT, recently announced they will be holding a 15-proxy Vintage tournament on October 24th. I've played Magic since 1994. In those nearly 30 years, I've never had the pleasure of playing Vintage, the OG of Magic formats, at a level beyond the kitchen table. I never owned Black Lotus or any other pieces of the Power Nine, (though I almost did). I'm excited to sleeve up and play some high-powered Magic, but before I do, I need to understand the format and figure out what deck to play.

What Makes Vintage Unique

As the original Magic format, Vintage allows access to virtually every card in the history of the game, with some exceptions. Most formats have a banned list of some kind. In addition to a Banned List, Vintage also has a Restricted List. Instead of being banned outright, cards on the Restricted List are limited to a single copy allowed in either the main deck or sideboard. These include some of the most powerful cards from throughout Magic's history, including Black Lotus, Time Walk, Brainstorm, and more recent cards like Dig Through Time and Narset, Parter of Veils.

Deck Archetypes and the Vintage Metagame

Getting into any new format can be challenging. This is true whether you're getting into Vintage or a more widely played format like Modern. Regardless of format, the process is the same. Study decklists, learn the archetypes and try to develop an understanding of the metagame. A breakdown of the archetypes in the Vintage metagame, according to MTGGoldfish, looks something like this:

The problem with understanding Vintage is that with such a high concentration of powerful cards in the format, even with an archetype breakdown in front of you, it can still be mystifying to the uninitiated. How do you understand and differentiate between the different archetypes and their play patterns? This is less of an issue in formats like Modern, where the differences between decks like Jeskai Control, Burn, and Storm are more obvious. It's much more apparent at a glance, even with little format knowledge, what is the control deck, what is the aggro deck, and what is the combo deck. This is true even when the decks may contain overlapping cards like Lightning Bolt.

With self-study not getting us where we want, it's necessary to find a format expert to break down the archetypes and explain the subtle, and sometimes not so subtle differences between the decks and their respective game plans.

Deep Dive Into Vintage Metagame Data

One such Vintage format expert is Justin Gennari, aka IamActuallyLvL1 on YouTube. Genari breaks down the Vintage metagame into nine major archetypes and breaks those down even further into over 20 sub-archetypes. If you're interested in Vintage, I highly suggest taking the time to watch his detailed video:

The archetypes Gennari breaks down often revolve around one or two key cards, and are as follows:

"The line kind of blurs in the way we categorize the decks," Gennari says, noting that some decks can fit into multiple categories depending on specific card choices. Mishra's Workshop-based decks are one such example. While all of the decks are built to exploit the power of the land in casting artifacts, Workshop decks can be approached in one of three ways. "The main two playstyles for Mishra's Workshop decks are more of an aggro slant or more of a prison slant, but there are also Mishra's Workshop decks that are more of a combo slant," Gennari says. Of all the archetypes Genari outlines, the one that most suits my preferred playstyle is Blue Control.

Blue Control in Vintage

Blue-based control decks have a history in Vintage dating all the way back to the earliest days of the game. One of the first truly tier-one competitive decks was a blue-based control deck known simply as The Deck, innovated by early Magic pro Brian Weissman. Weissman was among the first Magic players to recognize and codify the concept of card advantage, the idea that the player who draws the most cards, is the player most likely in the best position to win the game. "Whatever style you wish to play, be it fast and frenzied or slow and tactical, the surest way to defeat your opponent consistently is by dominating him or her in the war of card advantage." Weissman writes.

The lesson holds true for every format of Magic to this day, including Vintage. The goal of blue-based control in Vintage, Gennari says in his video is "Basically you just bury your opponent in card advantage." How you win afterward is almost incidental. That sounds like my kind of deck. So what's in the list?

Card Advantage, Permission, and Threats

Mana production aside, the cards in a blue-based control deck can be separated into one of three classes, card advantage spells, which allow you to draw extra cards or search for cards and add them to your hand, permission spells that deny your opponent their plays, or cheap threats which can close out the game once the opponent's game plan has been thwarted.

Card Advantage


The card advantage and permission suites of the blue control decks are very similar, revolving around the best card advantage spells ever printed, and the best cheap or free countermagic available. While there will be differences in permission choices based on color, the larger differences between the decks are based on their threats.


There are two predominant blue-control decks in Vintage, Jeskai, and RUG. Jeskai's signature threat is Monastery Mentor. It also has powerful hate in the form of Lavinia, Azorius Renegade, which can shut down an unprepared opponent and also represent a small clock. The RUG decks have bigger threats including a more substantial planeswalker suite in Oko, Thief of Crowns, and Wrenn and Six. They have a hate bear in Collector Ouphe, and a large clock in Tarmogoyf.

While Jeskai's threats are not as imposing as RUG, the deck makes up for the power of its threats by packing additional permission in Swords to Plowshares and Prismatic Ending, which RUG can't access. Either of these sounds like the kind of deck for me, so what might keep me from playing them?

Metagame Considerations

There are two metagame considerations to take into account if choosing to play Blue Control in Vintage. The first is it can be difficult to pilot if you are not familiar with the format. This could be a major stumbling block for me, as someone who has played zero games of Vintage ever. I'd be leaning into my preferences for control strategies in general, and hoping to make good decisions in the moment. The second metagame consideration is that control strategies have not been putting up good results recently compared to the more proactive archetypes, and may not be well-positioned. Gennari has a solution in mind for both of these potential issues.

BUG Midrange

The deck Gennari suggests for players new to Vintage is BUG Midrange. BUG Midrange, as its name suggests, is a midrange deck that revolves around the power of Deathrite Shaman, and a mix of powerful threats and permission. The blue permission suite in BUG Midrange is very similar to that of the Blue Control decks. Being in black and green the deck also gains access to premium removal in the form of Assasin's Trophy, and powerful card selection in Demonic Tutor. The Tutor acts as an additional copy of any threat or answer whenever the deck needs it.

BUG Midrange is well-positioned right now. It is one of the few blue decks capable of harnessing the power of Wasteland, allowing it a firm answer against Bazaar and Workshop decks, which rely on their namesake lands to power out their busted plays. Gennari also considers it the easiest Vintage deck to learn to pilot, so it is certainly on the list of possibilities.

High-Powered Magic

Regardless of what I ultimately end up playing, I'm looking forward to the experience of playing high-powered Magic. It doesn't get more high-powered than Vintage.

Have you ever played Vintage? Do you remember the feeling of drawing three cards off Ancestral Recall? What would you play in Vintage, given the chance? Let me know in the comments or on Twitter.

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Paul Comeau

Paul is Quiet Speculation's Director of Content. He first started playing Magic in 1994 when he cracked open his first Revised packs. He got interested in Magic Finance in 2000 after being swindled on a trade. As a budget-minded competitive player, he's always looking to improve his knowledge of the metagame and the market to stay competitive and to share that knowledge with those around him so we can all make better decisions. An avid Limited player, his favorite Cube card is Shahrazad. A freelance content creator by day, he is currently writing a book on the ‘90s TCG boom. You can find him on Twitter and LinkedIn.

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