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Infinite via Pauper- Tron Part I

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I’m not even going to try to conceal my excitement about this week’s deck. I first started attending Magic tournaments during the first Ravnica block, and IzzeTron was the second competitive Standard deck I ever owned. Seeing this list 4-0 a Pauper Daily made me quite nostalgic:

I almost immediately picked up all the cards I was missing from the deck and started battling. My initial testing has confirmed that the deck is not only sweet, but also competitive.

Playing the Deck

Tron is, of course, a “big mana” deck. The shell here is rather similar to that of Modern Tron decks, though the power level is obviously quite a bit lower. Early turns are spent playing mana-fixing spells and trying to assemble Tron, with the ultimate endgame being to use the same spells that fix our mana to gain an unreasonable quantity of life with Fangren Marauder. Marauder is simply lights out in most games against aggressive decks, particularly Affinity which relies rather heavily on Atog. Mulldrifter is also featured to help combat more grindy decks in addition to a miser’s Haunted Fengraf to help insure that we ultimately stick a threat. If all else fails, eventually a giant Rolling Thunder solves most problems- namely the problem of your opponent’s life total being greater than zero.

The most impactful decisions while playing the deck tend to be when to crack your Chromatic Things/Maps and knowing what to find with Map. The Map toolbox isn’t terribly expansive, but there’s definitely more to it than just finding a Tron piece that you don’t have. Some games you’ll need to find Shimmering Grotto just to fix your mana and others using it for Smoldering Crater as a four mana Cycle will give you the best chance of winning. Further, with all of these “rocks” it’s important to pay mind to whether you should be using them early to draw cards/fix mana or to save them for when you have an active Fangren Marauder.

Matchups, Strengths and Weaknesses

I’ve only been playing the deck for about a week, but I’ve felt favored against everything aggressive. You can hiccup in the early game and just die, but once Fangren Marauder gets going it’s extremely difficult for them to catch up. Grindy decks also tend to be favorable matchups, as you tend to go bigger than they do. Having blue cards, aka Mulldrifter is also just a huge trump against monoblack.

The major weakness of the deck is to counterspells. There really aren’t a ton of must counters in the deck, and even having an opponent cast Spellstutter Sprite on your Chromatic Spheres can cause you a lot of problems. Suffice to say, the four Pyroblasts on board are 100% justified. I’ve contemplated having a counter or two in the main to try to combat this problem, but the mana is a bit far on the rough side and they do dilute the deck’s A plan. Were I to decide to play any, they’d almost certainly be Negates, but even then counter heavy decks are likely to be able to double-counter you. Your best bet is to just jam haymakers and hope that they brick before you do.

The mana can also be problematic, but it’s better than it looks. Your best hands also have simply insane mana- that is being able to produce 7 mana with some of it being of any color on turn three. This opening sequence is very often lights out:

Turn 1: Tron Piece- Chromatic Something
Turn 2: Tron Piece- Prophetic Prism
Turn 3: Tron Piece- Fangren Marauder + sac Chromatic Something for five life and your choice of burn, more Chromatic Somethings or Preordain. Throwing an Expedition Map into the mix only slows this sequence down by one turn.

Initial Feedback and Updates

While the deck has been performing admirably thus far, there are a few elements of the initial list that I thought needed improving. For starters, Firebolt feels like more of a sideboard card while Lightning Bolt seems like the better maindeck inclusion. Part of this is that once you’re generating five mana flashing back Firebolt almost always takes a backseat to playing draw spells and Fangren Marauding. More importantly, Lightning Bolt gives you some instant speed interaction with problematic cards like Spellstutter Sprite, Ninja of the Deep Hours and Sage's Row Denizen.

Sea Gate Oracle is a pretty strong card and a mainstay of slower blue decks in Pauper, but the body is often very close to irrelevant, and in a deck that just takes over games as they progress I’m more inclined to play a few copies of something that digs a little deeper. I will recognize that the three toughness body can buy a little bit of time, so rather than cut them entirely I’m currently advocating a 2-2 split between Oracle and Compulsive Research. I’ve also seen people playing Deep Analysis but that one is a little on the slow side for me. Not to mention that Foresee is arguably just better in this style of deck.

The Rolling Thunders are somewhat worse in practice than they appear on paper. Lethal copies are a lot harder to come buy in Tron than they were in Post. I think I like having one for the random blowout factor, but the second copy strikes me as slow/extraneous.

The last change that I would offer to the maindeck is to include an Izzet Boilerworks. The inclusion seems minor, but a dual land that assists in making two land drops goes a long way in a big mana deck. It also gains a bit of value with Compulsive Research and in games when you had to play your Smoldering Crater.

The sideboard had a few head-scratchers in my opinion. The mana can definitely support Circles of Protection, but COP: Green just doesn’t seem like it fits. Green creatures die to red spells and green decks probably already want artifact/enchantment removal against you to mise wins by killing your Prisms. Or they just anticipate the COPs and bring in their Gleeful Sabotages anyway.

The Ancient Grudges didn’t make much sense to me either. The problematic cards out of Affinity are red cards (Atog, Galvanic Blast and Fling) and it doesn’t really solve your actual problems against Spire Golem decks. Maybe I’m missing something, but I wasn’t impressed. I’ve opted to run a couple Hydroblasts instead. It’s good against Affinity, buys time to set up Fangren Marauder against burn decks and is an all-star against Kiln-clops.
All that in mind, this is the list that I’ve been battling with:

Cost of the Deck

If you build my list card for card, the total cost is approximately 32 tickets. As per usual, much of this cost is found in the sideboard in the Blasts. If you want to play Pauper and try out multiple different decks, these will likely always be staples of Pauper sideboards. The rest of the deck has a good amount of dimes, and a few .2-.4 ticket cards (surprisingly a set of Chromatic Spheres runs at about a ticket), but excluding the blasts everything else is maybe 8 tickets. I will note that Rolling Thunder was sold out or low on every Cardbot at the time of this writing and there was only one actual listing for them in the classifieds with few sellers on MTGOlibrary. At just under two tickets, it might be a good spec target.

Anyway, if you’re a fan of the format and own a grip of staples, this deck is dirt cheap and a ton of fun. Join me next week when I found out how viable it is.

Thanks for reading.

-Ryan Overturf
@RyanOverdrive on Twitter

59 thoughts on “Infinite via Pauper- Tron Part I

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  20. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: April 2, 2010 A Russian Soyuz spacecraft roared to life and rocketed away from its launching padin Kazakhstan early Friday, carrying two cosmonauts and a NASA astronaut on atwo-day flight to the International Space Station. Credit: EnergiaSoyuz TMA-18 commander Alexander Skvortsov, flight engineer Mikhail Kornienko andTracy Caldwell Dyson, a shuttle veteran with a doctorate in chemistry, lifted offfrom the Baikonur Cosmodrome at 12:04 a.m. EDT Friday.During the climb to space through a cloudless blue sky, television views from insidethe capsule showed Skvortsov, seated in the center, flanked by Kornienko on his leftand Dyson on the right. All three crew members appeared relaxed and in good spirits.”Everything is fine, we’re feeling fine,” someone, presumably Skvortsov, radioed.”Watch that rabbit,” a flight controller joked.”It’s a ducky!” Skvortsov replied, referring to a bright yellow doll hanging abovethe commander’s head.”Your mascot?””That’s a zero-G indicator.”Hampered by initially poor communications, the crew reassured mission control at onepoint, radioing “everything is on schedule. We are fine.”Nine minutes after liftoff, the Soyuz spacecraft slipped into its preliminary orbit,with a planned high point of 143 miles and a low point of about 118 miles.If all goes well, the trio will dock with the space station’s upper Poisk modulearound 1:26 a.m. Sunday. Waiting to welcome them to the Expedition 23 crew will becommander Oleg Kotov, NASA astronaut Timothy Creamer and Japanese astronaut SoichiNoguchi.The Soyuz launch came just a few hours before the 3 a.m. Friday start of the shuttleDiscovery’s countdown to blastoff Monday from the Kennedy Space Center. Assuming anon-time liftoff at 6:21 a.m., Discovery will dock with the space station’s forwardport around 3:44 a.m. Wednesday, boosting the combined crew to 13.The goal of the shuttle flight is to deliver some 10 tons of supplies and equipment,including a 1,700-pound ammonia tank for the lab’s cooling system, science racks, anexperiment sample freezer, a crew sleep station and other gear.Asked about the tight scheduling between the shuttle and Soyuz, Dyson, veteran of a2007 flight aboard the shuttle Endeavour, said “I think it rocks, I’m reallyexcited.””These are some great friends of mine on the shuttle and I’ve flown with some ofthem, I’ve trained with some of them and I’ve shared a lot of dinners and good timeswith these folks,” she said at a pre-flight news conference in Baikonur. “And I’mdelighted for them and just ecstatic that the timing worked out for us to be inspace together.”But what this means on a larger scale is it really brings out the essence of ourInternational Space Station and our program that we could have a shuttle and a Soyuzlaunching within days of each other and how we can integrate and add to the alreadycomplex nature of what we do and the business we’re in.”Before heading to the launch pad, Dyson took a moment to sing a Garth Brooks song -“The River” – to her husband, earning applause from dignitaries and guests.In an earlier interview, she said she was looking forward to comparing the shuttleand Soyuz launch experiences.”It’s going to be cozy,” she said of the three-seat Soyuz. “What I’m really lookingforward to is the 180-degree difference between riding in a shuttle and living in ashuttle and doing the same in a Soyuz. They’re both tremendous vehicles for totallydifferent reasons.”The shuttle’s incredibly complex and it mesmerizes me still, just how all thosesystems work together at the appropriate time to get us through a mission. Andlikewise, the Soyuz is just incredibly robust. It’s simple and where we’reredundant, it’s robust. I’m also impressed with the ingenuity and the cleverness ofthe Russian engineering that went into that vehicle. And that vehicle has withstoodthe test of time. So I have a deep respect for both vehicles.”As for sharing the cramped confines of a Soyuz for two days with two cosmonauts,Dyson said “they’re great guys, really intelligent guys, they have diversebackgrounds, they are personally really good people to surround yourself with.””This is their first spaceflight, so it’s going to be interesting to see thetransformation that I know I went through when I got to orbit for the first time,”she said. “They’re going to have plenty of time to get over that learning curve,operating in zero gravity.”Here is a timeline of major post-launch events (in EDT):EDT………..EVENT04/02/10 12:04:34 AM…Launch12:13:19 AM…Orbital Insertion03:39:44 AM…DV1 (36.4 mph)04:38:38 AM…DV2 (8.8 mph) 04/03/10 01:05:50 AM…DV3 (4.5 mph)11:06:50 PM…AR&D Automated Rendezvous start (T0)11:10:00 PM…U.S. to Russian attitude control handover, LVLH11:20:00 PM…ISS maneuver to dock attitude, LVLH (124.5, 85.7, 305.1)11:28:56 PM…AR&D DV4/Impulse 1 (50.2 mph)11:50:34 PM…AR&D Impulse 2 (3.1 mph)11:53:00 PM…Soyuz Kurs-A Activation (T1)11:55:00 PM…Service module Kurs-P Activation (T1) 04/04/10 12:13:37 AM…AR&D DV5 / Impulse 3 (55.3 mph)12:13:50 AM…Range = 62.1 miles: Soyuz VHF-2 link12:18:10 AM…Range = 49.7 miles: Valid Kurs-P range data12:31:45 AM…Sunset12:39:10 AM…Range = 9.3 miles: Kurs-A & Kurs-P short test12:46:10 AM…Range = 4.9 miles: Soyuz TV activation12:54:11 AM…AR&D Impulse 4 (14.4 mph)12:56:50 AM…AR&D Ballistic Targeting Point12:59:03 AM…AR&D Impulse 5 (14.7 mph)01:01:42 AM…AR&D Impulse 6 (4.1 mph)01:03:44 AM…AR&D Flyaround mode start01:05:25 AM…Sunrise01:10:10 AM…AR&D Stationkeeping start01:14:51 AM…Daily Orbit 2 RGS AOS01:17:00 AM…AR&D Final Approach start01:26:00 AM…Docking01:37:58 AM…Daily Orbit 2 RGS LOS01:46:00 AM…Soyuz & MRM2 hooks closed: ISS maneuver to LVLH02:03:14 AM…Sunset02:50:00 AM…Russian to U.S. attitude control handover”I imagine when we first get there Oleg, T.J., Soichi, they’ll be showing me and the guys around, making sure that we are really comfortable with the environment, ableto find things, no problem, and start to work as a crew, a six-person crew whichhere in training we have limited opportunity to do,” Dyson said in a NASA interview.”So I imagine first off it’ll be get used to your new home, and then it will belet’s get ready for the (next) crew that’s coming up and all of the details thatwe’re going to need to provide and work with them to help make their mission asuccess.”Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:FULL EXPERIENCE FROM LIFTOFF TO ORBIT VIDEO:CREW DEPARTS SITE 254 FOR LAUNCH PAD VIDEO:VIPS MEET THE CREW ON LAUNCH MORNING VIDEO:CREW MEMBERS DON THEIR SOKOL SPACESUITS VIDEO:LAUNCH MORNING TRADITIONS AT CREW QUARTERS VIDEO:SOYUZ ROCKET ROLLED TO THE LAUNCH PAD VIDEO:ASSEMBLY OF SOYUZ COMPLETED IN THE HANGAR VIDEO:HIGHLIGHTS OF CREW’S ACTIVITIES AT BAIKONUR VIDEO:BIOS OF SKVORTSOV, KORNIENKO AND CALDWELL DYSON VIDEO:PREVIEW OF NEXT SIX MONTHS AT SPACE STATION VIDEO:BIOS OF KOTOV, CREAMER AND NOGUCHI Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. 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The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Soyuz delivers Galileo navigation satellites to orbit SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: October 21, 2011 Launching from the Amazon jungle into the void of space Friday, a Russian Soyuz rocket inaugurated a new launch base and kicked off assembly of a $7.3 billion fleet of navigation satellites, fulfilling a decade of tough diplomatic negotiations and back-breaking construction in the granite bedrock of French Guiana. Credit: Stephane Corvaja/ESAWith orange flames spewing from 32 rocket engine nozzles, the 151-foot-tall Soyuz 2-1b rocket swiftly rose from the launch pad in a rain shower at 1030 GMT (6:30 a.m. EDT; 7:30 a.m. local time).The kerosene-burning Soyuz jettisoned four strap-on boosters less than two minutes after liftoff, leaving the empty rockets to fall in the Atlantic Ocean. Flying with a modernized digital control system, the Soyuz core stage and third stage accelerated the rocket to nearly orbital velocity in approximately nine minutes.The rocket’s Fregat-MT upper stage, modified to carry extra propellant, ignited for 13 minutes to propel the mission’s payloads into an oval-shaped transfer orbit.Another Fregat engine firing three hours later delivered two 1,543-pound Galileo satellites into a circular orbit about 14,400 miles above Earth. A few minutes later, the spacecraft were released from a specially-built dispenser to begin their missions.A European Space Agency spokesperson confirmed both satellites were functioning and had deployed their solar panels.”This launch represents a lot for Europe: we have placed in orbit the first two satellites of Galileo, a system that will position our continent as a world-class player in the strategic domain of satellite navigation, a domain with huge economic perspectives,” said Jean-Jacques Dordain, ESA’s director general.”Moreover, this historic first launch of a genuine European system like Galileo was performed by the legendary Russian launcher that was used for Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin, a launcher that will, from now on, lift off from Europe’s spaceport,” Dordain said.The Galileo satellites will conduct maneuvers every 12 hours, alternating between each spacecraft, for the next two weeks to reach their test positions. Three months from launch, controllers will finish their testing of the spacecraft and the satellites will produce their first navigation signals, according to Claude Audouy, operations director at the CNES, or French space agency, control center in Toulouse. Credit: Stephane Corvaja/ESAThe French control center and the European Space Operations Center in Darmstadt, Germany, will oversee the early maneuvers and testing of the Galileo satellites, then control will be handed to routine operations center managed by the German Aerospace Center near Munich.Control of the Galileo navigation payloads on-board each satellite will be managed from Fucino, Italy.Officially dubbed Galileo IOV, the first phase of the European Union’s Galileo navigation program is charged with verifying the satellites and navigation instruments work. Once that’s complete, the IOV satellites will be transitioned into the operational fleet, which will ultimately reach 30 spacecraft.”IOV means validation in orbit,” said Didier Faivre, ESA’s director of navigation. “Why validation in orbit? Well, because before we deploy an entire constellation we want to check it out with a mini-constellation.”Two more IOV satellites will be launched by the Soyuz rocket next summer, then 14 more operational satellites are on contract with OHB System AG of Bremen, Germany.A team of expatriated Russian engineers working under French oversight prepared the Soyuz rocket for launch from French Guiana, a remote French territory sandwiched between Brazil and Suriname.The launch was doubly important for Europe, which hopes to exploit the Soyuz for commercial and institutional missions. For communications satellites bound for geosynchronous orbit, launching the Soyuz from French Guiana almost doubles its performance over flights from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.That’s because the Guiana Space Center lies at about 5 degrees north latitude, taking advantage of Earth’s faster spin near the equator. The Baikonur Cosmodrome is at 46 degrees north latitude.Launching from the Guiana Space Center also gives Europe more control over the Soyuz program, although Russian contractors and the Russian space agency still control launch operations and direct assembly of the rocket.The Guiana Space Center, known by its French acronym CSG, is funded by the European Space Agency and CNES, the French national space agency. Artist’s concept of the Galileo validation satellites in orbit. Credit: ESAThe crucial payload bolted atop the Soyuz rocket was the other source of Europe’s interest. The launcher delivered the first two operational satellites of the European Union’s Galileo navigation program into orbit more than 14,000 miles above Earth.Now estimated to cost $7.2 billion to complete, the Galileo program has a frustratingly long list of delays and cost overruns, but the constellation is finally on the verge of reality.Built by Thales Alenia Space of Italy, the 1,543-pound satellites are called in-orbit validation platforms. Two more identical spacecraft will be lofted next year on another Soyuz rocket to help verify the navigation instruments aboard the satellites.EADS Astrium of Germany holds overall responsibility for the satellites, but Thales was tapped to assemble the spacecraft in Italy.”Their platform is simple, but their payload is highly sophisticated,” Faivre said.The payload includes ultra-precise atomic and rubidium clocks accurate to within one second over three million years.The construction of 14 additional satellites, called full operational capability spacecraft, has been authorized by the European Commission, the EU’s executive branch.Antonio Tajani, the European Commission’s vice president for industry and entrepreneurship, said a tender for between six and eight more Galileo satellites will reach a conclusion Feb. 1, when a winning contractor will be announced.ESA acts as prime contractor for the Galileo program on behalf of the European Commission.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Soyuz rocket sends up Russian weather satellite SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: July 8, 2014 A new Russian weather satellite lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Tuesday, riding a Soyuz launcher into space with six small piggyback satellites from Britain, the United States and Norway. The Soyuz rocket lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 1558:28 GMT (11:58 a.m. EDT; 9:58 p.m. local time). Credit: Roscosmos The polar-orbiting Meteor M2 satellite will track cloud cover, storm systems, temperature and humidity, and polar ice for weather forecasters.The 6,124-pound Meteor M2 satellite launched at 1558:28 GMT (11:58:28 a.m. EDT) from Site 31 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, where it was 9:58 p.m. local time.A Soyuz 2-1b rocket — a modernized version of the venerable Russian launcher — and a Fregat upper stage were programmed to reach a temporary parking orbit about 11 minutes after liftoff. The hydrazine-fueled Fregat engine fired two times before deploying the Meteor M2 weather observatory about an hour after launch in a sun-synchronous orbit more than 500 miles above Earth at an inclination of 98.8 degrees.The Fregat upper stage reduced its altitude before releasing a small Russian space weather research satellite. A fourth ignition of the Fregat engine set up for separation of five other satellites in a circular orbit with an altitude of about 390 miles.Russian planned a live video stream of the launch on the Internet, but officials announced less than an hour before liftoff there would be no webcast.Designed for a five-year mission, the Meteor M2 weather satellite is the second in a series of upgraded observatories owned by the Russian government. Its launch Tuesday came nearly five years after the launch of the Meteor M1 satellite, which is still operational, according to Roscosmos, the Russian Federal Space Agency.Meteor M2 will collect timely global information for weather forecasting, monitor the ozone layer and the radiation environment in near-Earth space, measure sea surface temperatures, and track ice in the polar regions to aid navigation. Artist’s concept of the Meteor M2 satellite. Credit: NPO VNIIEMThe spacecraft’s six instruments include multi-channel cameras, a microwave radiometer and infrared sounder to measure temperature and moisture in the atmosphere, an X-band radar payload to detect ice, snow and vegetation, and a radiation detector to probe the environment around the satellite.Meteor M2 also carries a radio system to relay data from remote weather stations and ocean buoys on the ground, according to NPO VNIIEM, the satellite’s manufacturer.The satellite will supply data on global weather systems, helping meteorologists craft forecasts.More than 70 Meteor weather satellites have launched since 1964.Secondary payloads were launched Thursday for customers in Britain, the United States, Norway and Russia.Built by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. in the United Kingdom, the TechDemoSat 1 spacecraft hosts high-tech payloads engineers hope will be a pathfinder for future missions.The mission was funded by private capital and grants from government agencies.TechDemoSat 1, also known as TDS 1, will measure sea state by measuring radio waves reflected off the ocean surface. Another suite of sensors will monitor conditions around the satellite, such as radiation levels and other particles, for space weather research.Solar storms can damage satellites in orbit, where they are not protected by Earth’s radiation belts and atmosphere.Ground controllers in Harwell, England, established contact with TechDemoSat 1 on Tuesday evening. Photo of the TechDemoSat 1 spacecraft during ground testing. Credit: SSTL”The successful launch of the TechDemoSat 1 satellite marks the end of an exciting spacecraft build challenge for SSTL, with no less than eight payloads and more than 25 of our own engineering developments on-board,” said Luis Gomes, director of Earth exploration and science at SSTL. “We can now look forward to the mission phase, where data is returned from the satellite in orbit and we, alongside our payload providers, can prove new concepts in space.”The dishwasher-sized TDS 1 satellite carries a compact atmospheric sounding instrument that could lead to lower-cost meteorological and Earth observation missions, and the British craft will be removed from orbit at the end of its three-year mission by a “de-orbit sail” designed to help mitigate risks from space debris.”The successful launch of TechDemoSat 1 has given UK space companies a unique opportunity to test their cutting-edge technologies in orbit,” said David Willetts, Britain’s minister for science and universities. “These innovators can now show investors and potential customers how their products perform in the harsh environment of space. TechDemoSat 1 is also the first satellite to be controlled by the Satellite Applications Catapult. This was established by the government to harness the success of the UK space sector and its world-leading companies like SSTL.”The first satellite built in Scotland — UKube 1 — launched Thursday. The technological testbed has a camera to take pictures of Earth, and a payload to demonstrate the feasibility of using impacts from cosmic particles to make satellite communications more secure.Designed and assembled by Clyde Space in Glasgow — and jointly funded by Clyde Space and the UK Space Agency — the UKube 1 CubeSat weighs less than 8 pounds and measures about the size of a shoe box.Clyde Space officials said they received a beacon signal from UKube 1 after launch.Another payload released in orbit Thursday was the SkySat 2 imaging satellite, the second spacecraft put in space for Skybox Imaging. The Silicon Valley startup, which specializes in high-resolution videos of Earth from space, was acquired by Google last month for $500 million.SkySat 2 joins a similar spacecraft launched from Russia in November 2013. Skybox plans to send up more satellites next year in a launch aboard an Orbital Sciences Corp. Minotaur rocket from California.Skybox announced engineers contacted SkySat 2 on the first opportunity, confirming it was functioning after liftoff. Photo of the Soyuz rocket’s payloads before encapsulation inside the payload fairing. Credit: RoscosmosThe small cube-shaped DX1 satellite launched Thursday will track maritime traffic from space. DX1 was designed and built by Dauria Aerospace, which touts the satellite as the first spacecraft financed, designed and assembled in Russia by a private company.Officials said they heard radio signals from DX1 after the launch.The Soyuz rocket also delivered Norway’s AISSat 2 microsatellite to orbit. Like DX1, the satellite will monitor ships to determine their position, speed and direction.A Russian magnetospheric research satellite named MKA-FKI, or Relek, was also launched Thursday.One satellite not on Thursday’s mission was Canada’s Monitoring and Messaging Microsatellite, or M3M, which carries a ship-tracking payload and a low data rate communications package to relay data from isolated Earth-based transmitters.The Canadian government pulled the M3M satellite from the Soyuz launch due to Russian sanctions following the Ukraine crisis.Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Soyuz to deliver three-man crew to space station today BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

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STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: October 26, 2004TIME (EDT)..IMAGES….RESOLUTION (miles/pixel)…………NAC/WAC…NAC/WAC…..EVENT/OBSERVATION TYPE10/2502:30 p.m…………………….Begin approach observations01:14 p.m…………………….Begin medium resolution observations10/2607:44 a.m…………………….Begin high resolution observations10:56 a.m…………………….Transition to thruster control11:17 a.m…………………….Turn HGA toward Titan11:29 a.m…………………….Begin inbound RADAR scatterometry11:59 a.m…………………….Turn cameras back to Titan12:32 p.m…………………….Turn INMS/HGA to Titan ram direction12:38 p.m…………………….Begin INMS atmospheric collection12:44 p.m…………………….Titan closest approach12:44 p.m…………………….Begin high-res RADAR/SAR imaging12:50 p.m…………………….Begin low-res RADAR/SAR imaging01:00 p.m…………………….Begin RADAR altimetry01:14 p.m…………………….Begin outbound RADAR scatterometry01:59 p.m…………………….Transition to reaction wheel control02:07 p.m…………………….Ascending ring plane crossing02:23 p.m…………………….Begin RADAR radiometry09:15 p.m…………………….Turn to Earthline09:40 p.m…………………….Begin A5 data playback (CRITICAL)09:41 p.m…10/00…..1.7/16.8….ISS: Low resolution09:43 p.m…00/14…..1.3/13……ISS10:10 p.m…63/06…..1.2/11.8….ISS10:25 p.m…00/07…..0.87/8.7….ISS11:15 p.m…12/36…..0.37/3.7….ISS: Medium resolution10/2712:23 a.m…87/01…..0.25/2.5….ISS: Regional map12:51 a.m…87/01…..0.13/1.3….ISS: High resolution01:44 a.m…………………….Begin A4 playback science/engineering01:56 a.m…………………….Begin B4 playback02:28 a.m…23/23…..0.11/1.1….ISS: RADRCS02:32 a.m…………………….ISS: Waypoint turn02:40 a.m…18/29…..17’/755’….ISS: Highest resolution (17 ft/pixel)05:04 a.m…32/43…..0.62/6.2….ISS: Ultraviolet05:29 a.m…………………….Begin B4 playback science/engineering05:30 a.m…………………….Begin A5 data playback (CRITICAL)05:31 a.m…………………….Resume B4 playback05:22 a.m…………………….END TA playback07:33 a.m…………………….Saturn closest approach05:13 p.m…………………….Descending ring plane crossing | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Fresh crater on Rhea? CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: January 4, 2004Rhea has been heavily bombarded by impacts during its history. In this Cassini image the moon displays what may be a relatively fresh, bright, rayed crater near Rhea’s eastern limb. Rhea is 1,528 kilometers (949 miles) across. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version This view is centered on the side of Rhea that faces away from Saturn as the moon orbits. The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera on Nov. 10, 2004, at a distance of 3.6 million kilometers (2.2 million miles) from Rhea and at a Sun-Rhea-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 86 degrees. North is up. The image scale is 21 kilometers (13 miles) per pixel. The image has been magnified by a factor of two and contrast enhanced to aid visibility of surface features. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.From Saturn’s dark side CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: December 11, 2004As Cassini swung around to the dark side of the planet during its first close passage after orbit insertion, the intrepid spacecraft spied three ring moons whizzing around the planet. Visible in this image are: Mimas (398 kilometers, or 247 miles across) brightest and above center; Janus (181 kilometers, or 112 miles across) second brightest at upper left; and Prometheus (102 kilometers, or 63 miles across) just above the main rings at upper left. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version The normally bright B ring appears very dark from this vantage point. Regions with smaller concentrations of particles, such as the Cassini division (bright near center) transmit more sunlight and thus are brighter. The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft wide angle camera at a distance of 757,000 kilometers (470,000miles) from Saturn. The image scale is about 42 kilometers (26 miles) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Saturn’s ring gap CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: December 2, 2004An intriguing knotted ringlet within the Encke Gap is the main attraction in this Cassini image. The Encke Gap is a small division near the outer edge of Saturn’s rings that is about 300 kilometers (190 miles) wide. The tiny moon Pan (20 kilometers, or 12 miles across) orbits within the gap and maintains it. Many waves produced by orbiting moons are visible. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera on Oct. 29, 2004, at a distance of about 807,000 kilometers (501,000 miles) from Saturn. The image scale is 4.5 kilometers (2.8 miles) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Getting closer to Titan CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: June 25, 2004 Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version Irregular bright and dark regions of yet unidentified composition and character are becoming increasingly visible on Titan’s surface as Cassini approaches its scheduled first flyby of Saturn’s largest moon on July 2, 2004.This view represents an improvement in resolution of nearly three times over the previous Cassini images of Titan. Titan’s surface is difficult to study, veiled by a dense hydrocarbon haze that forms in the high stratosphere as methane is destroyed by sunlight. This image is different from previous Titan images by Cassini because it was taken through a special filter, called a polarizer, which is designed to see through the atmosphere to the surface. The superimposed coordinate system grid in the accompanying image at right illustrates the geographical regions of the moon that are illuminated and visible, as well as the orientation of Titan. North is up and rotated 25 degrees to the left. The yellow curve marks the position of the boundary between day and night on Titan. This image shows about one quarter of Titan’s surface, from 0 to 70 degrees West longitude, and just barely overlaps part of the surface shown in the previous Titan image release. Most of the visible surface in this image has not yet been shown in any Cassini image. The image was obtained with the narrow angle camera on June 14, 2004, at a phase, or Sun-Titan-spacecraft, angle of 61 degrees and at a distance of 10.4 million kilometers (6.5 million miles) from Titan. The image scale is 62 kilometers (39 miles) per pixel. The image was magnified by a factor of two using a linear interpolation scheme. No further processing to remove the effects of the overlying atmosphere has been performed. The observed brightness variations are real, on scales of one hundred kilometers or less. The image was obtained in the near-infrared (centered at 938 nanometers) through a polarizing filter. The combination was designed to reduce the obscuration by atmospheric haze. The haze is more transparent at 938 nanometers than at shorter wavelengths, and light of 938 nanometers wavelength is not absorbed by methane gas in Titan’s atmosphere. Light at this wavelength consequently samples the surface, and the polarizer blocks out light scattered mainly by the haze. This is similar to the way a polarizer, put on the front of a lens of a hand-held camera, makes distant objects more clear on Earth. Cassini will conduct a critical 96-minute burn before going into orbit around Saturn on June 30 (July 1 Universal Time), with its first scheduled flyby of Titan on July 2.The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Giant landslide on Iapetus CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: January 9, 2004A spectacular landslide within the low-brightness region of Iapetus’s surface known as Cassini Regio is visible in this image from Cassini. Iapetus is one of the moons of Saturn. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version The landslide material appears to have collapsed from a scarp 15 kilometers high (9 miles) that forms the rim of an ancient 600 kilometer (375 mile) impact basin. Unconsolidated rubble from the landslide extends halfway across a conspicuous, 120-kilometer diameter (75-mile) flat-floored impact crater that lies just inside the basin scarp. Landslides are common geological phenomena on many planetary bodies, including Earth and Mars. The appearance of this landslide on an icy satellite with low-brightness cratered terrain is reminiscent of landslide features that were observed during NASA’s Galileo mission on the Jovian satellite Callisto. The fact that the Iapetus landslide traveled many kilometers from the basin scarp could indicate that the surface material is very fine-grained, and perhaps was fluffed by mechanical forces that allowed the landslide debris to flow extended distances. In this view, north is to the left of the picture and solar illumination is from the bottom of the frame. The image was obtained in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera on Dec. 31, 2004, at a distance of about 123,400 kilometers (76,677 miles) from Iapetus and at a Sun-Iapetus-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 78 degrees. Resolution achieved in the original image was 740 meters (2,428 feet) per pixel. The image has been contrast-enhanced and magnified by a factor of two to aid visibility. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Hazy all over Titan CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: July 28, 2004Following its first flyby of Titan, Cassini gazed back at the smog-enshrouded moon’s receding crescent. This natural color view was seen by the spacecraft about one day after closest approach. The slight bluish glow of Titan’s haze is visible along the limb. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload a larger version of image The superimposed coordinate system grid in the accompanying image at right illustrates the geographical regions of the moon that are illuminated and visible, as well as the orientation of Titan — lines of longitude converge on the South Pole near the moon’s eastern limb. The yellow curve marks the position of the boundary between day and night on Titan. Images taken through blue, green and red filters were combined to create this natural color view. The images were obtained with the Cassini spacecraft wide angle camera on July 3, 2004, from a distance of about 790,000 kilometers (491,000 miles) from Titan and at a Sun-Titan-spacecraft, or phase angle of 115 degrees. The image scale is 47 kilometers (29 miles) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Herding the Saturn’s rings CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: September 26, 2004 Saturn’s moon Prometheus is seen shepherding the inner edge of Saturn’s F ring. Prometheus is 102 kilometers (63 miles) across and was captured in a close-up view by the Cassini spacecraft near the time of orbital insertion at Saturn. A number of clumps are visible here along the arcing F ring. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version The image was taken with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera at a distance of 8.2 million kilometers (5.1 million miles) from Saturn through a filter sensitive to visible green light. The image scale is 49 kilometers (33 miles) per pixel. Contrast was slightly enhanced to aid visibility. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Hovering over Titan CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: November 24, 2004A mosaic of nine processed images recently acquired during Cassini’s first very close flyby of Saturn’s moon Titan on Oct. 26, 2004, constitutes the most detailed full-disc view of the mysterious moon. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version The view is centered on 15 degrees South latitude, and 156 degrees West longitude. Brightness variations across the surface and bright clouds near the south pole are easily seen. The images that comprise the mosaic have been processed to reduce the effects of the atmosphere and to sharpen surface features. The mosaic has been trimmed to show only the illuminated surface and not the atmosphere above the edge of the moon. The Sun was behind Cassini so nearly the full disc is illuminated. Pixels scales of the composite images vary from 2 to 4 kilometers per pixel (1.2 to 2.5 miles per pixel). Surface features are best seen near the center of the disc, where the spacecraft is looking directly downwards; the contrast becomes progressively lower and surface features become fuzzier towards the outside, where the spacecraft is peering through haze, a circumstance that washes out surface features. The brighter region on the right side and equatorial region is named Xanadu Regio. Scientists are actively debating what processes may have created the bizarre surface brightness patterns seen here. The images hint at a young surface with, no obvious craters. However, the exact nature of that activity, whether tectonic, wind-blown, fluvial, marine, or volcanic is still to be determined. The images comprising this mosaic were acquired from distances ranging from 650,000 kilometers (400,000 miles) to 300,000 kilometers (200,000 miles). The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Cassini posterJust in time for the Cassini spacecraft’s arrival at Saturn, this new poster celebrates the mission to explore the ringed planet and its moons. 2005 CalendarThe 2005 edition of the Universe of the Hubble Space Telescope calendar is available from our U.S. store and will soon be available worldwide. This 12×12-inch calendar features spectacular images from the orbiting observatory.Moon panoramaTaken by Apollo 14 commander Alan Shepard, this panoramic poster shows lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell as a brilliant Sun glare reflects off the lunar module Antares.Mars Rover mission patchA mission patch featuring NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover is now available from the Astronomy Now Store.Columbia ReportThe official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Includes CD-ROM. Choose your store: | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Huygens carrier signal ‘solid’ for more than two hours BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  22. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: June 12, 2004Seven years after launch on a four-planet gravitational bank shot covering more than 2 billion miles, NASA’s $3.3 billion nuclear-powered Cassini probe – the most sophisticated robotic spacecraft ever built – has finally reached the solar system’s most spectacular target: The ringed planet Saturn. An artist’s concept shows the Cassini space probe at Saturn. Credit: NASA/JPLKicking off a four-year orbital study of nature’s own “lord of the rings,” Cassini flew past the strange moon Phoebe June 11, passing within 1,285 miles of the tiny satellite. Seen as a mere speck of light from Earth and a blurry orb from the Voyager 2 probe in 1981, Phoebe was revealed as an irregular, heavily cratered world that defies easy explanation. The Phoebe flyby was a priceless opportunity to study what may be a captured chunk of debris left over from the birth of the solar system. But it was just the opening act in one of the most scientifically rich voyages of planetary exploration ever attempted. “It is really, truly the flagship mission of our time,” said Carolyn Porco, chief of Cassini’s imaging team and an authority on Saturn’s rings. “We are exploring the richest planetary system available to us with this magnificent spacecraft, which is the most sophisticated suite of instrumentation ever taken into the outer solar system. So we are going to discover many things. “And on top of all of that, Saturn is the most alluring of all the planets, it’s the icon among planets and that’s where we’re going. … I think that people, from the email I’m getting from the public, are very jazzed about this mission. They do very much have the feeling that they are stowaways on this spacecraft.”

  23. — Although Cassini is scheduled to officially arrive at Saturn on June 30, scientists studying the planet’s magnetosphere received an official welcome on June 27 when a burst of plasma wave noise indicated that Cassini had crossed the planet’s bow shock — the region where charged particles flowing outward from the sun collide with Saturn’s magnetic field or magnetosphere.

  24. The Arena Corinthians in S?o Paulo was built in 2014and seats 48,000 spectators. .Battered and grooved: Saturn’s moon Tethys CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: November 27, 2004Having now passed closer to Tethys than the Voyager 2 spacecraft, Cassini has returned the best-ever natural color view of this icy Saturnian moon. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version As seen here, the battered surface of Tethys (1,060 kilometers, or 659 miles across) has a neutral hue. The image here is a mosaic of two footprints. Three images taken in the red, green and blue filters were taken to form a natural color composite. The result reveals a world nearly saturated with craters – many small craters lie on top of older, larger ones, suggesting an ancient surface. At the top and along the boundary between day and night, the moon’s terrain has a grooved appearance. This moon is known to have a density very close to that of water, indicating it is likely composed mainly of water ice. Its frozen mysteries await Cassini’s planned close flyby in September 2005. The view shows primarily the trailing hemisphere of Tethys, which is the side opposite the moon’s direction of motion in its orbit. The image has been rotated so that north on Tethys is up. The images comprising this color view were taken with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera on Oct. 28, 2004, at a distance of about 256,000 kilometers (159,000 miles) from Tethys and at a Sun-Tethys-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 50 degrees. The image scale is 1.5 kilometers (0.9 miles) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Cassini posterJust in time for the Cassini spacecraft’s arrival at Saturn, this new poster celebrates the mission to explore the ringed planet and its moons. 2005 CalendarThe 2005 edition of the Universe of the Hubble Space Telescope calendar is available from our U.S. store and will soon be available worldwide. This 12×12-inch calendar features spectacular images from the orbiting observatory.Moon panoramaTaken by Apollo 14 commander Alan Shepard, this panoramic poster shows lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell as a brilliant Sun glare reflects off the lunar module Antares.Mars Rover mission patchA mission patch featuring NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover is now available from the Astronomy Now Store.Columbia ReportThe official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Includes CD-ROM. Choose your store: | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Before and after look at Saturn’s moon Titan CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: December 16, 2004Cassini’s second close flyby of Titan completes a ‘before’ and ‘after’ look at the fuzzy moon and provides the first direct evidence of changing weather patterns in the skies over Titan. Cassini has found Titan’s upper atmosphere to consist of a surprising number of layers of haze, as shown in this ultraviolet image of Titan’s night side limb, colorized to look like true color. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version In images obtained less than two months ago, the Titan skies were cloud free, except for a patch of clouds observed over the moon’s south pole. In images taken Monday, Dec. 13, during Cassini’s second close flyby of Titan, several extensive patches of clouds have formed.”We see for the first time discrete cloud features at mid-latitudes, which means we see direct evidence of weather, and we can get wind speeds and atmospheric circulation over a region we hadn’t been able to measure before,” said Dr. Kevin Baines, Cassini science-team member with the visual and infrared mapping spectrometer, from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.The latest data and other results from Cassini’s close observations of Saturn’s moons Titan and Dione were presented today at a news conference during the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in San Francisco. Cassini swept within 1,200 kilometers (750 miles) of Titan’s surface on Monday, and took a close look at the icy moon Dione just one day later. During the flyby, Cassini captured a stunning view of Titan’s night side with the atmosphere shimmering in its own glow. This allows scientists to study the detached haze layers, which extend some 400 kilometers (249 miles) above Titan.Images from Cassini’s cameras show regions on Titan that had not been seen clearly before, as well as fine details in Titan’s intermittent clouds. The surface features may be impact related, but without information on their height, it is too soon to know for sure. No definitive craters have been seen in these images, though several bright rings or circular features are seen in dark terrain. Cassini imaging scientists are intrigued by the complex braided structure of surface fractures on Dione. To the surprise of scientists, the wispy terrain features do not consist of thick ice deposits, but bright ice cliffs created by tectonic features. “This is one of the most surprising results so far. It just wasn’t what we expected,” said Dr. Carolyn Porco, Cassini imaging team leader, Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. As it zoomed in on Saturn’s moon Dione for a close flyby, the Cassini spacecraft captured a set of images of the icy moon which have been combined into a mosaic here to provide a stunningly detailed global view. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version Other Cassini results presented at the meeting included observations made by the ultraviolet imaging spectrograph instrument, which indicates that the nearby environment of the rings and moons in the Saturn system is filled with ice, and atoms derived from water. Cassini researchers are seeing large changes in the amount of oxygen atoms in the Saturn system. A possible explanation for the fluctuation in oxygen is that small, unseen icy moons have been colliding with Saturn’s E ring,” said Dr. Larry Esposito, principal investigator of the imaging spectrograph instrument, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colo. “These collisions may have produced small grains of ice, which yielded oxygen atoms.” Esposito presented these findings at the meeting, and a paper on the subject appears in the online version of the journal Science. According to Esposito, Saturn’s ring particles may have formed originally from pure ice. But they have since been subjected to continual bombardment by meteorites, which has contaminated the ice and caused the rings to darken. Over time, continuous meteorite bombardment has likely spread the dirty material resulting from the collisions over a wide area in the rings. “The evidence indicates that in the last 10 to 100 million years, fresh material probably was added to the ring system,” said Esposito. These renewal events are from fragments of small moons, each probably about 20 kilometers (12 miles) across.Images and more information about the Cassini mission are available at .The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. JPL designed, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter. The European Space Agency built and managed the development of the Huygens probe and is in charge of the probe operations. The Italian Space Agency provided the high-gain antenna, much of the radio system and elements of several of Cassini’s science instruments.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Breathtaking vista of Tethys CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: November 23, 2004This dazzling view looks beyond gigantic storms near Saturn’s south pole to the small but clear disc of Tethys (1,060 kilometers, or 659 miles, across). Clouds and ribbons of gas swirl about in the planet’s atmosphere in the foreground, while a tremendous chasm is visible on the icy moon. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version The image was taken with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera on Oct. 18, 2004, at a distance of 3.9 million kilometers (2.4 million miles) from Saturn and at a Sun-Saturn-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 61 degrees. The view is in wavelengths of visible red light centered at 619 nanometers. The image scale is 23 kilometers (14 miles) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Cassini posterJust in time for the Cassini spacecraft’s arrival at Saturn, this new poster celebrates the mission to explore the ringed planet and its moons. 2005 CalendarThe 2005 edition of the Universe of the Hubble Space Telescope calendar is available from our U.S. store and will soon be available worldwide. This 12×12-inch calendar features spectacular images from the orbiting observatory.Moon panoramaTaken by Apollo 14 commander Alan Shepard, this panoramic poster shows lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell as a brilliant Sun glare reflects off the lunar module Antares.Mars Rover mission patchA mission patch featuring NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover is now available from the Astronomy Now Store.Apollo patchesThe Apollo Patch Collection: Includes all 12 Apollo mission patches plus the Apollo Program Patch. Save over 20% off the Individual price.Choose your store: – – – | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Cassini and Huygens craft are well equipped for science BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  25. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: January 30, 2008Floating in the international space station’s Quest airlock module, commander Peggy Whitson and flight engineer Dan Tani switched their spacesuits to battery power at 4:56 a.m. today – 24 minutes ahead of schedule – to officially kick off a planned six-and-a-half-hour spacewalk. The primary goal of the excursion is to replace a faulty solar array positioning motor to improve electrical generation and clear the way for attachment of European and Japanese research modules.This is the 101st spacewalk devoted to space station assembly and maintenance since construction began in 1998. For identification, Whitson, call sign EV-1, is wearing a spacesuit with solid red stripes around the legs while Tani’s suit (EV-2) features broken stripes.Today’s spacewalk is a bit riskier than usual for two reasons: A mistake managing the latches that hold the motor and its housing in place could result in the solar panel’s inadvertent release; and because of the shock hazard associated with unplugging and replugging power cables that route 160-volt electricity from the array into the station. To eliminate any chance of a potentially fatal shock, the work will take place when the station is in Earth’s shadow and the arrays are not generating any significant power.”The choreography for the EVA will be very complex, both on orbit and with the ground,” Tani said. “Because we’re dealing with a solar array that produces kilowatts of power, we have to be very conscientious of when we’re going to be opening connections that will expose us to that power. So the bulk of the activities will have to be performed at night when the solar array is not producing any power, or much power, at all.”The bearing motor roll ring module, or BMRRM (pronounced “broom”), is roughly the size of a beer keg and weighs more than 200 pounds. Replacing it is complicated, Whitson said, “because it’s really the guts of what’s holding the solar array in place. And so Dan and I will have to coordinate when we release and grapple onto the (motor housing) canister in order not to lose the solar array. That would lose us a whole lot of style points!”Here is an updated timeline of events, including when live television from the station is possible (in EST; times approximate; NOTE: the first minute of each eclipse period, and the last two minutes, are not usable because of residual power generation):04:56 AM…Spacewalk begins05:12 AM…ISS TV downlink window opens05:49 AM…ISS TV downlink window closes06:10 AM…ISS TV downlink window opens06:22 AM…ISS TV downlink window closes06:47 AM…ISS TV downlink window opens06:52 AM…ISS enters eclipse07:00 AM…Failed BMRRM removal begins in eclipse07:27 AM…ISS enters sunlight07:35 AM…ISS TV downlink window closes08:24 AM…ISS TV downlink window opens08:25 AM…ISS enters eclipse08:30 AM…New BMRRM installation begins in eclipse09:00 AM…ISS enters sunlight09:10 AM…ISS TV downlink window closes09:55 AM…ISS enters eclipse10:00 AM…ISS TV downlink window opens10:05 AM…Solar alpha rotary joint inspection begins10:30 AM…ISS enters sunlight11:20 AM…ISS TV downlink window closes11:26 AM…Spacewalk ends (time approximate)11:30 AM…ISS enters eclipse11:35 AM…ISS TV downlink window opens12:05 PM…ISS enters sunlight12:59 PM…ISS TV downlink window closes John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Successful spacewalk ends as Harmony activation proceeds BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  26. Aku lihat ramai berjogging. Ada yang lari sekuat hati, ada yang tidak sempat melarikan diri dan ada yang ditelan kepulan asap. Dan kebanyakannya adalah…. mereka yang meniarap.

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